Magna Graecia Timeline

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800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE  
 
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
 
 
740 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Cumae in Magna Graecia.
 
720 BCE: Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
 
720 BCE: Metapontum in Magna Graecia is found by Achaeans.
 
710 BCE: Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
706 BCE: Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
 
 
570 BCE - 530 BCE: The Doric Temple of Hera is built at Metapontum, Magna Graecia.
 
 
540 BCE: Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
 
 
491 BCE - 478 BCE: Reign of Gelon, tyrant of Gela on Sicily.
 
 
490 BCE: Tarentum wins victories against the Messapians and Peucetians in Magna Graecia.
 
489 BCE - 473 BCE: The tyrant Theron rules Agrigento.
 
 
480 BCE: Tarentum wins victories against the Messapians and Peucetians in Magna Graecia.
 
480 BCE: The huge temple of Zeus is built at Agrigento.
 
480 BCE: Agrigento defeats Carthage at the battle of Himera.
 
 
475 BCE: The Messapians inflict a heavy defeat on Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
 
450 BCE - 430 BCE: The Temple of Concordia is built at Agrigento.
 
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
 
 
440 BCE: Brundisium and Thurii form an alliance in southern Italy.
 
 
433 BCE: Tarentum founds Heraclea in Magna Graecia.
 
 
433 BCE: The colony of Heraclea in Magna Graecia is founded by Tarentum.
 
406 BCE: Agrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.
 
 
338 BCE: Timoleon agrees a peace treaty with Carthage over their control of Sicily.
 
 
282 BCE: Gela, on Sicily, is destroyed by Phintias, the tyrant of Agrigento.
 
 
270 BCE: Rome occupies Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
262 BCE: Rome besieges and sacks Agrigento on Sicily in one of the first actions of the First Punic War.
 
210 BCE: Rome attacks Agrigento.
 
 
209 BCE: Tarentum comes under Roman control during the Second Punic War.
 
 
89 BCE: All poleis or city-states in Magna Graecia come under Roman control.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE

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