Kingdom of Northumbria Timeline

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  • c. 547 CE - 599 CE
    Reign of Ida the Flamethrower; first king and founder of settlement in the region.
  • 593 CE - 616 CE
    Reign of Aethelfrith in Northumbria.
  • c. 600 CE
    Battle of Catraeth; Aethelfrith defeats the Britons, enlarges Northumbria. .
  • c. 604 CE - 954 CE
  • c. 604 CE
    Unification of Bernicia and Deira under Aethelfrith as Kingdom of Northumbria.
  • 616 CE
    Battle of Chester; Aethelfrith defeats Welsh, expands kingdom.
  • 616 CE
    Battle of Bawtry; Aethelfrith killed fighting East Anglia.
  • 616 CE - 633 CE
    Reign of Edwin in Northumbria.
  • 626 CE
    Battle of Win-and-Lose Hill; Edwin of Northumbria defeats forces of Wessex and Mercia.
  • 633 CE
    Battle of Hatfield Chase; Northumbria collapses after defeat by Mercia.
  • 634 CE - 642 CE
    Reign of Oswald in Northumbria.
  • 635 CE
    Lindisfarne monastery in Northumbria is founded by the Irish missionary Aidan.
  • 642 CE
    Battle of Maserfield; Northumbria defeated by Mercia, Oswald killed.
  • 642 CE - 670 CE
    Reign of Oswiu in Northumbria.
  • 654 CE
    Reunification of Northumbria under King Oswiu.
  • 655 CE
    Battle of the Winwaed; Northumbria defeats Mercia.
  • 664 CE
    Synod of Whitby; Oswiu of Northumbria decides in favor of Roman Catholicism over Celtic Christianity.
  • c. 672 CE - 735 CE
    Life of cleric and scholar Bede of Northumbria.
  • c. 735 CE - 804 CE
    Life of scholar and cleric Alcuin of York.
  • c. 735 CE - c. 802 CE
    Period of instability in Northumbria; over ten kings rule in quick succession.
  • 793 CE
    Viking raid on Lindisfarne Monastery in Northumbria.
  • 829 CE
    Wessex becomes overlord to Northumbria.
  • 866 CE
    Great Heathen Army of the Vikings invades Northumbria.
  • 867 CE
    Battle of York; Vikings defeat Northumbria.
  • 876 CE - 954 CE
    Norse rule in Northumbria.
  • 946 CE - 955 CE
    Reign of Eadred of Wessex, King of England; conquers Norse of Northumbria.
  • 952 CE - 954 CE
    Reign of Eric Bloodaxe; last Norse king of Northumbria.
  • 954 CE
    Norse driven out by Eadred of Wessex; Northumbria becomes part of England under Eadred.

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540 CE 550 CE 560 CE 570 CE 580 CE 590 CE 600 CE 610 CE 620 CE 630 CE 640 CE 650 CE 660 CE 670 CE 680 CE 690 CE 700 CE 710 CE 720 CE 730 CE 740 CE 750 CE 760 CE 770 CE 780 CE 790 CE 800 CE 810 CE 820 CE 830 CE 840 CE 850 CE 860 CE 870 CE 880 CE 890 CE 900 CE 910 CE 920 CE 930 CE 940 CE 950 CE  
 
 
547 CE - 599 CE: Reign of Ida the Flamethrower; first king and founder of settlement in the region.
 
593 CE - 616 CE: Reign of Aethelfrith in Northumbria.
 
 
600 CE: Battle of Catraeth; Aethelfrith defeats the Britons, enlarges Northumbria. .
 
604 CE - 954 CE: Span of the Kingdom of Northumbria.
 
 
604 CE: Unification of Bernicia and Deira under Aethelfrith as Kingdom of Northumbria.
 
 
616 CE: Battle of Chester; Aethelfrith defeats Welsh, expands kingdom.
 
 
616 CE: Battle of Bawtry; Aethelfrith killed fighting East Anglia.
 
616 CE - 633 CE: Reign of Edwin in Northumbria.
 
 
626 CE: Battle of Win-and-Lose Hill; Edwin of Northumbria defeats forces of Wessex and Mercia.
 
 
633 CE: Battle of Hatfield Chase; Northumbria collapses after defeat by Mercia.
 
634 CE - 642 CE: Reign of Oswald in Northumbria.
 
 
635 CE: Lindisfarne monastery in Northumbria is founded by the Irish missionary Aidan.
 
 
642 CE: Battle of Maserfield; Northumbria defeated by Mercia, Oswald killed.
 
642 CE - 670 CE: Reign of Oswiu in Northumbria.
 
 
654 CE: Reunification of Northumbria under King Oswiu.
 
 
655 CE: Battle of the Winwaed; Northumbria defeats Mercia.
 
 
664 CE: Synod of Whitby; Oswiu of Northumbria decides in favor of Roman Catholicism over Celtic Christianity.
 
 
672 CE - 735 CE: Life of cleric and scholar Bede of Northumbria.
 
 
735 CE - 804 CE: Life of scholar and cleric Alcuin of York.
 
 
735 CE - 802 CE: Period of instability in Northumbria; over ten kings rule in quick succession.
 
 
793 CE: Viking raid on Lindisfarne Monastery in Northumbria.
 
 
829 CE: Wessex becomes overlord to Northumbria.
 
 
866 CE: Great Heathen Army of the Vikings invades Northumbria.
 
 
867 CE: Battle of York; Vikings defeat Northumbria.
 
 
876 CE - 954 CE: Norse rule in Northumbria.
 
946 CE - 955 CE: Reign of Eadred of Wessex, King of England; conquers Norse of Northumbria.
 
952 CE - 954 CE: Reign of Eric Bloodaxe; last Norse king of Northumbria.
 
 
954 CE: Norse driven out by Eadred of Wessex; Northumbria becomes part of England under Eadred.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
540 CE 620 CE 700 CE 780 CE 860 CE

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