Kingdom of Mercia Timeline

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  • c. 515 CE - c. 535 CE
    Reign of King Icel, founder of Mercia.
  • c. 535 CE - c. 545 CE
    Reign of King Cnebba in Mercia.
  • c. 545 CE - c. 580 CE
    Reign of King Cynewald in Mercia.
  • c. 580 CE - c. 595 CE
    Reign of King Creoda in Mercia.
  • c. 595 CE - c. 606 CE
    Reign of King Pybba in Mercia.
  • c. 606 CE - c. 625 CE
    Reign of King Cearl in Mercia; lands lost to Northumbria after Battle of Chester.
  • c. 616 CE
    Battle of Chester; Mercia loses Welsh kingdoms to Northumbria.
  • c. 625 CE - 655 CE
    Reign of King Penda in Mercia; kingdom expands.
  • 628 CE
    Battle of Cirenchester; King Penda of Mercia defeats West Saxons and takes land.
  • 633 CE
    Battle of Hatfield Chase; King Penda of Mercia defeats Northumbria and takes lands.
  • 655 CE - 658 CE
    Oswiu of Northumbria rules northern Mercia.
  • 655 CE
    Battle of the Winwaed; King Penda of Mercia killed; Mercia defeated by Northumbria and partitioned.
  • 655 CE - 656 CE
    Peada, son of Penda, rules southern Mercia.
  • 658 CE - 675 CE
    King Wulfhere reigns in Mercia; reunites the kingdom.
  • 675 CE - 704 CE
    King Aethelred I reigns in Mercia.
  • 704 CE - 709 CE
    King Coenred reigns in Mercia.
  • 709 CE - 716 CE
    King Ceolred reigns in Mercia. .
  • 716 CE - 757 CE
    King Aethelbald reigns in Mercia.
  • 757 CE
    Beornred reigns briefly in Mercia; deposed by Offa.
  • 757 CE - 796 CE
    King Offa reigns in Mercia; builds famous dyke along border with Wales.
  • 796 CE - 821 CE
    King Coenwulf reigns in Mercia.
  • 796 CE
    Offa's son Ecgfrith reigns briefly in Mercia.
  • 821 CE - 823 CE
    King Ceolwulf I reigns in Mercia.
  • 823 CE - 826 CE
    King Beornwulf reign in Mercia; loses supremacy to Mercia after Battle of Ellandun.
  • 825 CE
    Battle of Ellandun; Wessex defeats Mercia, Mercian supremacy in the region lost. .
  • 826 CE - 827 CE
    King Ludeca reigns in Mercia.
  • 827 CE - 829 CE
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 827 CE - 829 CE
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 827 CE - 829 CE
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 827 CE - 829 CE
    First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
  • 829 CE - 830 CE
    King Egbert of Wessex rules Mercia directly.
  • 830 CE - 839 CE
    Second reign of Wiglaf in Mercia.
  • 839 CE - 840 CE
    King Wigmund reigns in Mercia. .
  • 840 CE
    King Wigstan reigns in Mercia.
  • 840 CE - 852 CE
    King Beorhtwulf reigns in Mercia.
  • 852 CE - 874 CE
    King Burgred reigns in Mercia; deposed by Viking army.
  • 874 CE - 883 CE
    King Ceolwulf II reigns in Mercia; Viking puppet-king.
  • 879 CE
    King Ceolwulf II cedes eastern part of Mercia to Vikings; end of united Mercian kingdom.
  • 883 CE - 911 CE
    King Aethelred II reigns in Mercia; submits to Alfred the Great of Wessex as overlord.
  • 911 CE - 918 CE
  • 918 CE
    Lady Aelfwynn, daughter of Aethelflaed, reigns briefly in Mercia.
  • 918 CE
    Aelfwynn deposed by Edward the Elder of Wessex; Mercia becomes part of Kingdom of Wessex.

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510 CE 520 CE 530 CE 540 CE 550 CE 560 CE 570 CE 580 CE 590 CE 600 CE 610 CE 620 CE 630 CE 640 CE 650 CE 660 CE 670 CE 680 CE 690 CE 700 CE 710 CE 720 CE 730 CE 740 CE 750 CE 760 CE 770 CE 780 CE 790 CE 800 CE 810 CE 820 CE 830 CE 840 CE 850 CE 860 CE 870 CE 880 CE 890 CE 900 CE 910 CE  
 
 
515 CE - 535 CE: Reign of King Icel, founder of Mercia.
 
 
535 CE - 545 CE: Reign of King Cnebba in Mercia.
 
 
545 CE - 580 CE: Reign of King Cynewald in Mercia.
 
 
580 CE - 595 CE: Reign of King Creoda in Mercia.
 
 
595 CE - 606 CE: Reign of King Pybba in Mercia.
 
 
606 CE - 625 CE: Reign of King Cearl in Mercia; lands lost to Northumbria after Battle of Chester.
 
 
616 CE: Battle of Chester; Mercia loses Welsh kingdoms to Northumbria.
 
 
625 CE - 655 CE: Reign of King Penda in Mercia; kingdom expands.
 
 
628 CE: Battle of Cirenchester; King Penda of Mercia defeats West Saxons and takes land.
 
 
633 CE: Battle of Hatfield Chase; King Penda of Mercia defeats Northumbria and takes lands.
 
 
655 CE - 658 CE: Oswiu of Northumbria rules northern Mercia.
 
 
655 CE: Battle of the Winwaed; King Penda of Mercia killed; Mercia defeated by Northumbria and partitioned.
 
 
655 CE - 656 CE: Peada, son of Penda, rules southern Mercia.
 
 
658 CE - 675 CE: King Wulfhere reigns in Mercia; reunites the kingdom.
 
 
675 CE - 704 CE: King Aethelred I reigns in Mercia.
 
 
704 CE - 709 CE: King Coenred reigns in Mercia.
 
 
709 CE - 716 CE: King Ceolred reigns in Mercia. .
 
 
716 CE - 757 CE: King Aethelbald reigns in Mercia.
 
 
757 CE: Beornred reigns briefly in Mercia; deposed by Offa.
 
 
757 CE - 796 CE: King Offa reigns in Mercia; builds famous dyke along border with Wales.
 
 
796 CE - 821 CE: King Coenwulf reigns in Mercia.
 
 
796 CE: Offa's son Ecgfrith reigns briefly in Mercia.
 
 
821 CE - 823 CE: King Ceolwulf I reigns in Mercia.
 
 
823 CE - 826 CE: King Beornwulf reign in Mercia; loses supremacy to Mercia after Battle of Ellandun.
 
 
825 CE: Battle of Ellandun; Wessex defeats Mercia, Mercian supremacy in the region lost. .
 
 
826 CE - 827 CE: King Ludeca reigns in Mercia.
 
 
827 CE - 829 CE: First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
 
 
827 CE - 829 CE: First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
 
 
827 CE - 829 CE: First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
 
 
827 CE - 829 CE: First reign of King Wiglaf in Mercia; deposed by Egbert of Wessex.
 
 
829 CE - 830 CE: King Egbert of Wessex rules Mercia directly.
 
 
830 CE - 839 CE: Second reign of Wiglaf in Mercia.
 
 
839 CE - 840 CE: King Wigmund reigns in Mercia. .
 
 
840 CE: King Wigstan reigns in Mercia.
 
 
840 CE - 852 CE: King Beorhtwulf reigns in Mercia.
 
 
852 CE - 874 CE: King Burgred reigns in Mercia; deposed by Viking army.
 
 
874 CE - 883 CE: King Ceolwulf II reigns in Mercia; Viking puppet-king.
 
 
879 CE: King Ceolwulf II cedes eastern part of Mercia to Vikings; end of united Mercian kingdom.
 
 
883 CE - 911 CE: King Aethelred II reigns in Mercia; submits to Alfred the Great of Wessex as overlord.
 
 
911 CE - 918 CE: Aethelflaed, Lady of the Mercians, reigns in Mercia.
 
 
918 CE: Lady Aelfwynn, daughter of Aethelflaed, reigns briefly in Mercia.
 
 
918 CE: Aelfwynn deposed by Edward the Elder of Wessex; Mercia becomes part of Kingdom of Wessex.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
510 CE 590 CE 670 CE 750 CE 830 CE

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