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1180 CE - 1185 CE: The Genpei War in Japan between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
1183 CE - 1198 CE: Emperor Go-Toba reigns in Japan.
1183 CE - 1198 CE: Reign of Japan's Emperor Go-Toba.
1185 CE: Battle of Dannoura where the Minamoto defeat the rival Taira. The young emperor Antoku drowns.
1185 CE - 1333 CE: The Kamakura period in Japan.
1191 CE: The Shinto Tsurugaoka Hachiman Shrine is moved from Yuinogo to Kamakura, Japan by Minamoto no Yoritomo.
1192 CE - 1333 CE: The Kamakura Shogunate rules Japan.
1192 CE - 1199 CE: Minamoto no Yoritomo is shogun in Japan.
1195 CE: The Todaiji temple at Nara, Japan, is restored by the Minamoto clan.
1202 CE - 1203 CE: Minamoto no Yorie is shogun of Japan.
1203 CE - 1219 CE: Minamoto no Sanetomo is shogun of Japan.
1203 CE - 1205 CE: Hojo Tokimasa acts as regent to Japan's shogun, the first of 16 such regents
1218 CE: The Tale of the Heike (Heike monogatari) is first published in Japan.
1219 CE: Hojo Masako and Hojo Tokimasa take over as regents for the Japanese shogun, thus permanently transferring power from the Minamoto to Hojo clans.
1221 CE: The Jokyu Disturbance - Japan's emperor Go-Toba launches a failed coup against the Kamakura Shogunate.
1225 CE: The position of vice-regent to the shogun (rensho) is created in Japan.
1232 CE: A new law code, the Joei Code (Joei shikimoku), is established in Japan.
1249 CE: A High Court, the Hikitsukeshu, is formed in Japan.
1249 CE - 1253 CE: The Kenchoji Zen Buddhism monastery is built in Kamakura, Japan.
1252 CE: The Kotokuin Temple with its massive bronze statue of Buddha is built at Kamakura, Japan.
1274 CE: The first invasion of Japan by the Mongol ruler Kublai Khan fails.
1281 CE: The second invasion of Japan by the Mongol ruler/Yuan dynasty emperor Kublai Khan fails.
1283 CE: The Engakuji Zen Buddhist monastery is established at Kamakura, Japan by Hojo Tokimune.
1318 CE - 1339 CE: Go-Daigo reigns as emperor of Japan.
1327 CE - 1333 CE: Hojo Moritoki reigns as shogun in Japan, the last of the Kamakura Shogunate.
1333 CE: Nitta Yoshisada attacks and destroys Kamakura, capital of Japan's Kamakura Shogunate.
1333 CE - 1336 CE: The Kemmu Restoration when the Japanese emperor Go-Daigo uses rebel warlords to oust the Kamakura Shogunate.
1338 CE: Ashikaga Takauji becomes the new shogun in Japan, it is the beginning of the Ashikaga (Muromachi) Shogunate.