Islamic Caliphates Timeline

Search Results

  • 632 CE
    Muhammad dies in Medina, not clearly naming a successor to lead the Muslim people.
  • 632 CE - 634 CE
    Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph (successor to Muhammad) of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 634 CE - 644 CE
    Umar ibn al-Khattab succeeds Abu Bakr, becoming the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 637 CE
    Muslim invasion of the Levant. The Byzantines are driven out.
  • 644 CE - 656 CE
    Uthman ibn 'Affan succeeds 'Umar to become the third caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 651 CE
    Arab Umayyad Caliphate conquers the Sasanian Empire.
  • 656 CE - 661 CE
    Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeds 'Uthman to become the fourth and final caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • Oct 680 CE
    Husayn ibn 'Ali, Shi'a Islam's third imam, is beheaded by Yazid I's force at the Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq.
  • 750 CE
    Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • 750 CE
    Start of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 756 CE
    Abd al-Rahman I establishes the Emirate of Cordoba.
  • 909 CE - 1171 CE
    Fatimid Dynasty in Egypt.
  • 1258 CE
    The Mongols conquer the Abbasid Caliphate. During this campaign there is the infamous sacking of Baghdad and murder of the caliph.

Visual Timeline

To navigate the timeline, click and drag it with your mouse, or click on the timeline overview on the bottom.

Legend:

600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1100 CE 1200 CE  
 
 
632 CE: Muhammad dies in Medina, not clearly naming a successor to lead the Muslim people.
 
 
632 CE - 634 CE: Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph (successor to Muhammad) of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
 
634 CE - 644 CE: 'Umar ibn al-Khattab succeeds Abu Bakr, becoming the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
 
637 CE: Muslim invasion of the Levant. The Byzantines are driven out.
 
 
644 CE - 656 CE: 'Uthman ibn 'Affan succeeds 'Umar to become the third caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
651 CE: Arab Umayyad Caliphate conquers the Sasanian Empire.
 
 
656 CE - 661 CE: 'Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeds 'Uthman to become the fourth and final caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
 
 
680 CE: Husayn ibn 'Ali, Shi'a Islam's third imam, is beheaded by Yazid I's force at the Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq.
 
 
750 CE: Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.
 
 
750 CE: Start of the Abbasid Caliphate.
 
 
756 CE: Abd al-Rahman I establishes the Emirate of Cordoba.
 
909 CE - 1171 CE: Fatimid Dynasty in Egypt.
 
 
1258 CE: The Mongols conquer the Abbasid Caliphate. During this campaign there is the infamous sacking of Baghdad and murder of the caliph.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
600 CE 700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1100 CE 1200 CE

Timeline Search

Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for.

Remove Ads

Advertisement