Indo-Greek Timeline

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  • c. 3400 BCE
    Earliest possible end of Proto-Indo-European linguistic unity.
  • c. 190 BCE
    First appearance of multiple Euthydemid kings at the same time. Beginning of the Indo-Greek kingdoms.
  • c. 180 BCE - 80 BCE
    Period of Indo-Greek rule in the Gandhara region.
  • 160 BCE - 135 BCE
    Indo-Greek King Menander rules the Punjab.
  • 133 BCE - 123 BCE
    Magadha king Vasumitra defeats the Indo-Greeks at the banks of the Indus.
  • c. 130 BCE
    Eucratids flee from Bactria to India. Rivalry between Eucratids and Euthydemids takes place in the Indo-Greek kingdoms.
  • c. 110 BCE
    Arachosia lost to the first Indo-Saka kingdom.
  • 80 BCE
    The Indo-Saka king Maues invades the Indo-Greek kingdoms. Resistance organized by both dynasties in the person of Amyntas.
  • c. 80 BCE
    Alliance between Euthydemids and Eucratids against the Indo-Sakas, under the rule of Amyntas.
  • c. 70 BCE
    Fall of Maues kingdom. Indo-Greeks conquer back their lost possessions.
  • c. 70 BCE - c. 10 BCE
    Last Indo-Greek kings, probably Euthydemid ones.
  • c. 55 BCE - c. 50 BCE
    Gandhara and Western Punjab lost to Indo-Saka kings.
  • c. 10 BCE
    Fall of the last Indo-Greek king, Strato II, defeated by the Indo-Saka king Rajuvula.

Visual Timeline

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Legend:

3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE  
 
 
3400 BCE: Earliest possible end of Proto-Indo-European linguistic unity.
 
 
190 BCE: First appearance of multiple Euthydemid kings at the same time. Beginning of the Indo-Greek kingdoms.
 
 
180 BCE - 80 BCE: Period of Indo-Greek rule in the Gandhara region.
 
 
160 BCE - 135 BCE: Indo-Greek King Menander rules the Punjab.
 
133 BCE - 123 BCE: Magadha king Vasumitra defeats the Indo-Greeks at the banks of the Indus.
 
 
130 BCE: Eucratids flee from Bactria to India. Rivalry between Eucratids and Euthydemids takes place in the Indo-Greek kingdoms.
 
 
110 BCE: Arachosia lost to the first Indo-Saka kingdom.
 
80 BCE: The Indo-Saka king Maues invades the Indo-Greek kingdoms. Resistance organized by both dynasties in the person of Amyntas.
 
80 BCE: Alliance between Euthydemids and Eucratids against the Indo-Sakas, under the rule of Amyntas.
 
 
70 BCE: Fall of Maues kingdom. Indo-Greeks conquer back their lost possessions.
 
70 BCE - 10 BCE: Last Indo-Greek kings, probably Euthydemid ones.
 
 
55 BCE - 50 BCE: Gandhara and Western Punjab lost to Indo-Saka kings.
 
 
10 BCE: Fall of the last Indo-Greek king, Strato II, defeated by the Indo-Saka king Rajuvula.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE

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