Hellenic World Timeline

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490 BCE 480 BCE 470 BCE 460 BCE 450 BCE 440 BCE 430 BCE 420 BCE 410 BCE 400 BCE 390 BCE 380 BCE 370 BCE 360 BCE 350 BCE 340 BCE 330 BCE 320 BCE 310 BCE 300 BCE 290 BCE 280 BCE 270 BCE 260 BCE 250 BCE 240 BCE 230 BCE 220 BCE 210 BCE 200 BCE 190 BCE 180 BCE 170 BCE 160 BCE 150 BCE 140 BCE 130 BCE 120 BCE 110 BCE 100 BCE 90 BCE 80 BCE 70 BCE  
490 BCE: A combined force of Greek hoplites defeat the Persians at Marathon.
483 BCE: Themistocles persuades the Athenians to significantly expand their fleet, which saves them at Salamis and becomes their source of power.
480 BCE: Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
469 BCE - 399 BCE: Life of Socrates.
450 BCE: Zeno of Elea at work on his Paradoxes.
448 BCE: The Peace of Callias with Persia.
447 BCE - 432 BCE: The construction of the Parthenon in Athens by the architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the direction of Phidias.
445 BCE: Leucippus of Abdera, the philosopher, conceives of the atomic universe. His pupil is Democritus.
440 BCE: The sophist Protagoras of Abdera, claiming 'man is the measure of all things', visits Athens.
431 BCE: The playwright Euripides publishes his Medea.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
430 BCE: The plague decimates Athens.
429 BCE: The death of Pericles from the plague.
427 BCE: Plato is born at Athens, Greece.
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
403 BCE: Restoration of the democracy in Athens, death of the tyrant Critias.
401 BCE: Retreat from Persia of Xenophon and the ten thousand mercenaries.
399 BCE: Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
384 BCE: Birth of the philosopher Aristotle, tutor to Alexander the Great, in Stagira (Greece).
380 BCE: Plato founds his Academy outside of Athens.
356 BCE - 323 BCE: Life of Alexander the Great.
338 BCE: The Battle of Charonea gives Athens to the Macedonian victors. Agora takes on Macedonian characteristics.
336 BCE - 323 BCE: Reign of Alexander the Great.
334 BCE - 323 BCE: Campaigns of Alexander the Great.
330 BCE - 64 BCE: Hellenistic Period in Byblos.
323 BCE: Death of Alexander the Great, beginning of The Hellenistic Period / The Hellenistic World.
490 BCE 410 BCE 330 BCE 250 BCE 170 BCE 90 BCE

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