Greek Colonization Timeline

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1200 BCE 1100 BCE 1000 BCE 900 BCE 800 BCE 700 BCE 600 BCE 500 BCE 400 BCE 300 BCE 200 BCE 100 BCE  
 
 
1200 BCE - 800 BCE: First wave of Phoenician colonization where largely trading-posts are founded throughout the Mediterranean.
 
 
1110 BCE: Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Gades (Cadiz).
 
 
1101 BCE: Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Utica by Sidon (or Tyre).
 
 
814 BCE: Traditional founding date for the Phoenician colony of Carthage by Tyre.
 
 
800 BCE - 500 BCE: Greek colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
 
 
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Second stage of Phoenician colonization where trading-posts become full colonies throughout the Mediterranean.
 
 
750 BCE: Phoenicians found the colony of Motya on Sicily.
 
740 BCE - 433 BCE: Greek poleis or city-states establish colonies in Magna Graecia.
 
 
740 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Cumae in Magna Graecia.
 
734 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Naxos on Sicily.
 
 
733 BCE: Traditional date when Corinth founds a colony on Corcyra.
 
 
733 BCE: Corinth founds the colony of Syracuse in Sicily.
 
720 BCE: Sybaris in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
 
720 BCE: Chalcis founds the colony of Rhegium in Sicily.
 
 
720 BCE: Metapontum in Magna Graecia is found by Achaeans.
 
710 BCE: Croton in Magna Graecia founded by Archaean settlers.
 
706 BCE: Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
 
 
700 BCE: Settlers from mainland Greece, possibly Samos, settle on Samothrace.
 
 
689 BCE: Rhodes and Cretans found Gela in Sicily.
 
 
685 BCE: Megara founds the colony of Chalcedon.
 
675 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Kyzikos in the Black Sea area.
 
 
668 BCE: Megara founds the colony of Byzantium.
 
631 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Sinope in the Black Sea area.
 
 
630 BCE: Greek colonists from the island of Thera found the city of Cyrene in North Africa.
 
 
630 BCE: Selinus is founded by colonists from Megara Hyblaea, Sicily.
 
 
630 BCE: Messana founds the colony of Himera on Sicily.
 
 
600 BCE: Phocaea founds the colony of Massilia.
 
 
600 BCE: Paestum is founded by colonists from Sybaris.
 
600 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Pantikapaion in the Black Sea area.
 
 
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
 
580 BCE: Agrigento in Sicily is founded by colonists from Gela, Crete and Rhodes.
 
 
575 BCE: Massalia founds the colony of Emporion in Spain.
 
560 BCE: Megara founds the colony of Herakleai Pontike in the Black Sea area.
 
550 BCE: Miletos founds the colony of Olbia in the Black Sea area.
 
 
540 BCE: Phocaea founds Elea in Magna Graecia.
 
 
525 BCE: Second wave of emigration of Greeks to Massilia.
 
500 BCE: Carthage expands into southern Spain.
 
443 BCE: Thurii in Magna Graecia founded by Athenian settlers.
 
437 BCE: Athens founds the colony of Amphipolis in northern Macedonia.
 
 
433 BCE: Tarentum founds Heraclea in Magna Graecia.
 
 
420 BCE: Herakleia founds the colonies of Chersonesos in the Crimea.
 
 
415 BCE: Athens launches an expedition against Sicily, the pretext being protection of Segesta.
 
 
396 BCE: The Carthaginian city of Lilybaeum is founded on Sicily.
 
 
300 BCE - 200 BCE: Greek colonists set up an emporion (trade centre) at Salona.
 
 
44 BCE: Julius Caesar founds the Roman colony of Corinth.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1200 BCE 1000 BCE 800 BCE 600 BCE 400 BCE 200 BCE

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