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Golden Horde Timeline

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  • 1227 CE - 1255 CE
    Batu Khan establishes and rules the Golden Horde.
  • 1236 CE - 1242 CE
    Multiple Mongol armies attack western Asia, Russia, Poland, and Hungary.
  • 1238 CE
    The Mongols invade Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia.
  • 9 Apr 1241 CE
    The Mongols defeat an army led by Henry the Pious, the Duke of Silesia, near Liegnitz (Legnica).
  • 10 Apr 1241 CE - 11 Apr 1241 CE
    The Mongols defeat an army led by Bela IV, king of Hungary, at the Battle of Mohi.
  • 1251 CE - 1259 CE
    Reign of Mongke Khan, ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1257 CE - 1266 CE
    Reign of Berke over the Golden Horde.
  • 1260 CE - 1264 CE
    Kublai Khan fights a civil war with his brother Ariq Boke for control of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1262 CE
    Golden Horde forces under Nogai defeat the Ilkhanate at the Battle of Terek.
  • 1266 CE - 1280 CE
    Mengu-Temur rules the Golden Horde.
  • 1271 CE
    Golden Horde forces under Nogai invade the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1299 CE
    Nogai, the de facto leader of the Golden Horde, dies.
  • 1313 CE - 1341 CE
    Uzbeg rules the Golden Horde and makes Islam the state religion.
  • 1327 CE
    Uzbeg shifts Golden Horde support from the Russian city of Tver to the rising power of Moscow.
  • 1342 CE - 1357 CE
    Janibeg rules the Golden Horde.
  • 1362 CE
    Lithuanian forces defeat the Golden Horde at the Battle of Blue Waters.
  • 1380 CE
    A Russian army defeats the Golden Horde at the Battle of Kulikovo, seen as the turning point in Mongol domination of Russia.
  • 1380 CE - 1395 CE
    Tokhtamysh rules the Golden Horde during a brief revival.
  • 1382 CE
    Tokhtamysh and the Golden Horde sack Moscow.
  • 1465 CE - 1481 CE
    Reign of Ahmed, the last major ruler of the Golden Horde.
  • 1480 CE
    The Golden Horde is definitively defeated by the Russians at the Battle of the Ugra River.

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