Ancient History Encyclopedia has a new name!

We are now World History Encyclopedia to better reflect the breadth of our non-profit organization's mission. Learn More

European Colonization of the Americas Timeline

Search Results

  • c. 980 CE - c. 1030 CE
    Norse settlement established in Newfoundland, North America, by Leif Erikson.
  • 1453 CE
    The Ottoman Empire closes the overland Silk Road trade routes between Europe and the East, initiating the European Age of Discovery.
  • 1492 CE - 1504 CE
    Christopher Columbus makes four voyages to the New World; opens the way for European colonization of the Americas.
  • 1500 CE
    Brazil is claimed for Portugal by Pedro Álvares Cabral.
  • 1519 CE - 1521 CE
    Hernán Cortés of Spain conquers the Aztec nation of Mexico.
  • 1534 CE - 1535 CE
    North American region of Canada claimed for France by Jacques Cartier.
  • 1572 CE
    The Inca of South America are conquered by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro.
  • 1587 CE - 1590 CE
    English colony of Roanoke in North America established and fails.
  • 1607 CE - 1608 CE
    English Popham colony established in present day state of Maine, North America; fails after 14 months.
  • 1607 CE - 1699 CE
    Colony of Jamestown succeeds as the first permanent English settlement in North America.
  • 1609 CE - 1624 CE
    Hudson River Valley and parts of present-day New York State and Canada claimed by Henry Hudson for the Netherlands.
  • 1620 CE - 1691 CE
    Plymouth Colony established in modern-day Massachusetts, North America; foundational colony of the later United States.
  • 1697 CE
    The conquest of the Maya Civilization completed by the Spanish conquistador Martín de Ursúa.

Timeline Search

Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for.

Remove Ads