Despotate of the Morea Timeline

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  • 1259 CE
    Battle of Pelagonia: Manfred of Sicily and William II of Villehardouin are defeated by the Empire of Nicaea. William is forced to cede the castles of Mystras, Maina, and Monemvasia.
  • 1262 CE
    Mystras is retaken by the Byzantines.
  • c. 1289 CE
    The Byzantines move the provincial capital of the Morea from Monemvasia to Mystras.
  • 1349 CE - 1380 CE
    Manuel Kantakouzenos is the first despot of the Morea.
  • 1361 CE
    Matthew Kantakouzenos moves to Mystras.
  • 1380 CE - 1383 CE
    Matthew Kantakouzenos rules as despot of the Morea.
  • 1383 CE - c. 1384 CE
    Rebellion of Demetrios Kantakouzenos against the Palaiologos Dynasty in the Morea.
  • 1383 CE - 1407 CE
    Theodore I Palaiologos reigns as despot of the Morea.
  • 1388 CE - 1394 CE
    The Despotate of the Morea takes Argos from the Venetians but ultimately has to return it.
  • 1395 CE
    Carlo I Tocco cedes Cornith to the Byzantines.
  • 1396 CE
    First Ottoman raid of the Morea.
  • 1400 CE - 1404 CE
    Corinth is given by the Byzantines to the Knights Hospitaller, but the city is ultimately returned to the Byzantines.
  • 1407 CE - 1443 CE
    Rule of Theodore II Palaiologos, despot of the Morea.
  • 1408 CE
    Visit of Manuel II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor, to Mystras.
  • 1415 CE
    Visit of Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaiologos to Mystras.
  • 1415 CE
    Rebuilding of the Hexamilion Wall along the Isthmus of Corinth by the Byzantines.
  • 1423 CE
    Ottoman raid into the Morea.
  • 1426 CE
    The Byzantines decisively defeat Carlo I Tocco off the coast from Clarentza.
  • 1429 CE
    Constantine Palaiologos takes the city of Patras.
  • 1431 CE
    Ottoman raid into the Morea.
  • 1432 CE
    The Principality of Achaea is completely subsumed by the Byzantines.
  • 1443 CE - 1449 CE
    Constantine Palaiologos rules as despot of the Morea.
  • 1444 CE
    The Byzantines briefly capture Athens and Thebes.
  • 1446 CE
    The Ottomans breach the Hexamilion Wall and raid deep into the Morea.
  • 1449 CE
    Constantine XI Palaiologos is crowned as the last Byzantine emperor in Mystras.
  • 1458 CE
    The despots of the Morea are forced to cede one-third of their territory to the Ottomans.
  • 1460 CE - 1461 CE
    The Ottomans conquer the Despotate of the Morea.

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1250 CE 1260 CE 1270 CE 1280 CE 1290 CE 1300 CE 1310 CE 1320 CE 1330 CE 1340 CE 1350 CE 1360 CE 1370 CE 1380 CE 1390 CE 1400 CE 1410 CE 1420 CE 1430 CE 1440 CE 1450 CE 1460 CE  
 
1259 CE: Battle of Pelagonia: Manfred of Sicily and William II of Villehardouin are defeated by the Empire of Nicaea. William is forced to cede the castles of Mystras, Maina, and Monemvasia.
 
1262 CE: Mystras is retaken by the Byzantines.
 
1289 CE: The Byzantines move the provincial capital of the Morea from Monemvasia to Mystras.
 
1349 CE - 1380 CE: Manuel Kantakouzenos is the first despot of the Morea.
 
1361 CE: Matthew Kantakouzenos moves to Mystras.
 
1380 CE - 1383 CE: Matthew Kantakouzenos rules as despot of the Morea.
 
1383 CE - 1384 CE: Rebellion of Demetrios Kantakouzenos against the Palaiologos Dynasty in the Morea.
 
1383 CE - 1407 CE: Theodore I Palaiologos reigns as despot of the Morea.
 
1388 CE - 1394 CE: The Despotate of the Morea takes Argos from the Venetians but ultimately has to return it.
 
1395 CE: Carlo I Tocco cedes Cornith to the Byzantines.
 
1396 CE: First Ottoman raid of the Morea.
 
1400 CE - 1404 CE: Corinth is given by the Byzantines to the Knights Hospitaller, but the city is ultimately returned to the Byzantines.
 
1407 CE - 1443 CE: Rule of Theodore II Palaiologos, despot of the Morea.
 
1408 CE: Visit of Manuel II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor, to Mystras.
 
1415 CE: Visit of Byzantine emperor Manuel II Palaiologos to Mystras.
 
1415 CE: Rebuilding of the Hexamilion Wall along the Isthmus of Corinth by the Byzantines.
 
1423 CE: Ottoman raid into the Morea.
 
1426 CE: The Byzantines decisively defeat Carlo I Tocco off the coast from Clarentza.
 
1429 CE: Constantine Palaiologos takes the city of Patras.
 
1431 CE: Ottoman raid into the Morea.
 
1432 CE: The Principality of Achaea is completely subsumed by the Byzantines.
 
1443 CE - 1449 CE: Constantine Palaiologos rules as despot of the Morea.
 
1444 CE: The Byzantines briefly capture Athens and Thebes.
 
1446 CE: The Ottomans breach the Hexamilion Wall and raid deep into the Morea.
 
1449 CE: Constantine XI Palaiologos is crowned as the last Byzantine emperor in Mystras.
 
1458 CE: The despots of the Morea are forced to cede one-third of their territory to the Ottomans.
 
 
1460 CE - 1461 CE: The Ottomans conquer the Despotate of the Morea.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1250 CE 1290 CE 1330 CE 1370 CE 1410 CE

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