Crusader States Timeline

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  • c. 1090 CE - c. 1256 CE
    The Assassins (aka Nizari Ismailis) occupy mountain castles in Syria, Iran and elsewhere.
  • 1095 CE - 1102 CE
    The First Crusade is formed to recapture Jerusalem for Christendom. It is successful in its primary aim.
  • Mar 1098 CE
    Baldwin of Boulogne takes control of Edessa and the County of Edessa is formed, one of four Crusader-created states in the Levant.
  • 3 Jun 1098 CE
    The First Crusaders capture Antioch after an 8-month siege.
  • 15 Jul 1099 CE
    Jerusalem is captured during the First Crusade.
  • Sep 1099 CE
    The Crusader state, the Kingdom of Jerusalem is created.
  • 17 May 1101 CE
    Caesarea is captured by the Crusaders.
  • 26 May 1101 CE
    Acre is captured by the Crusaders.
  • c. 1119 CE
    Foundation of the military order the Knights Templar.
  • 1144 CE
    The Knights Hospitaller acquire the castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria.
  • 24 Dec 1144 CE
    The Muslim Seljuk Turks, led by Imad ad-Din Zangi, capture Edessa.
  • Sep 1146 CE
    Joscelin II's attempt to retake Edessa fails and the city is sacked by Nur ad-Din.
  • 1147 CE - 1149 CE
    The Second Crusade is launched to recapture Edessa for Christendom. It is not successful.
  • 25 Oct 1147 CE
    At Dorylaion a force of Muslim Seljuk Turks attacks an army led by Conrad III during the Second Crusade.
  • 29 Jun 1149 CE
    The Muslim Seljuk leader Nur al-Din captures Crusader-held Antioch.
  • Jul 1149 CE
    A new Church of the Holy Sepulchre is completed in Jerusalem.
  • 1150 CE
    End of the County of Edessa.
  • 1152 CE
    Raymond II, the Count of Tripoli, is murdered by the Assassins.
  • 1186 CE - 1192 CE
    Guy of Lusignan reigns as king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
  • 3 Jul 1187 CE - 4 Jul 1187 CE
    Saladin defeats the Franks army at the Battle of Hattin.
  • 1189 CE - 1192 CE
    The Third Crusade is formed with the aim of recapturing Jerusalem for Christendom. Although some cities were recaptured, Jerusalem was not one of them.
  • Aug 1189 CE - Jul 1191 CE
    The siege of Acre during the Third Crusade.
  • 12 Jul 1191 CE
    Richard I of England captures Acre during the Third Crusade.
  • 28 Apr 1192 CE
    Conrad of Montferrat, king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, is murdered by the Assassins.
  • 1202 CE - 1204 CE
    The Fourth Crusade is formed to recapture Jerusalem for Christendom. Instead, the Crusaders attack Constantinople.
  • May 1203 CE
    A small force of Crusader knights arrives in the Middle East during the Fourth Crusade.
  • 17 Oct 1244 CE
    An army of the Ayyubid dynasty defeats a large Latin army at the battle of La Forbie (Harbiya) in Gaza.
  • 1247 CE
    Al-Salih, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, captures Ascalon from the Franks.
  • 8 Apr 1271 CE
    Al-Zahir Baibars, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, captures the Knights Hospitaller castle of Krak des Chevaliers.
  • 1291 CE
    With the fall of Acre, the Crusader States, including the Kingdom of Jerusalem, are absorbed into the Mamluk Sultanate.
  • 18 May 1291 CE
    Acre, the last Christian stronghold in the Middle East, falls to the Mamluks.

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