Commagene Timeline

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  • c. 260 BCE
    The unified kingdom of Commagene and Sophene rises in western Armenia.
  • 163 BCE - 72 CE
    Duration of The Kingdom of Commagene, founded by Ptolemaeus of Commagene.
  • 163 BCE - 130 BCE
    Reign of the first king of Commagene, Ptolemaeus of Commagene.
  • 130 BCE - 109 BCE
    Reign of the second king of Commagene, Sames II.
  • 109 BCE - 70 BCE
    Reign of the third king of Commagene, Mithridates I Callinicus.
  • 70 BCE - 38 BCE
    Reign of the fourth (and greatest) king of Commagene, Antiochus I Theos, who built the mortuary complex of Nemrut Dagi on Mount Nemrut.
  • 38 BCE - 20 BCE
    Reign of the fifth king of Commagene, Mithridates II.
  • 20 BCE - 12 BCE
    Reign of the sixth king of Commagene, Mithridates III.
  • 12 BCE - 17 CE
    Reign of the seventh king of Commagene, Antiochus III Epiphanes.
  • 17 CE - 38 CE
    The Kingdom of Commagene is ruled by Rome.
  • 38 CE - 72 CE
    Reign of the eighth and last king of Commagene, Antiochus IV (also considered the greatest), who built Antiochia ad Cragum and Aytap.
  • c. 42 CE
    Antiochia ad Cragum founded by Antiochus IV of Commagene.
  • 52 CE
    Iotapa (Aytap) founded by Antiochus IV of Commagene in honor of his late wife Julia Iotapa.
  • c. 52 CE - c. 72 CE
    Iotapa (Aytap) mints coins dedicated to Antiochus IV of Commagene and his family.
  • 72 CE
    Roman emperor Vespasian annexes the kingdoms of Commagene and Lesser Armenia.
  • 72 CE
    The Kingdom of Commagene absorbed by the Roman Empire into the province of Cilicia.

Visual Timeline

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Legend:

260 BCE 250 BCE 240 BCE 230 BCE 220 BCE 210 BCE 200 BCE 190 BCE 180 BCE 170 BCE 160 BCE 150 BCE 140 BCE 130 BCE 120 BCE 110 BCE 100 BCE 90 BCE 80 BCE 70 BCE 60 BCE 50 BCE 40 BCE 30 BCE 20 BCE 10 BCE 0 CE 10 CE 20 CE 30 CE 40 CE 50 CE 60 CE 70 CE  
 
260 BCE: The unified kingdom of Commagene and Sophene rises in western Armenia.
 
163 BCE - 72 CE: Duration of The Kingdom of Commagene, founded by Ptolemaeus of Commagene.
 
163 BCE - 130 BCE: Reign of the first king of Commagene, Ptolemaeus of Commagene.
 
 
130 BCE - 109 BCE: Reign of the second king of Commagene, Sames II.
 
 
109 BCE - 70 BCE: Reign of the third king of Commagene, Mithridates I Callinicus.
 
 
70 BCE - 38 BCE: Reign of the fourth (and greatest) king of Commagene, Antiochus I Theos, who built the mortuary complex of Nemrut Dagi on Mount Nemrut.
 
 
38 BCE - 20 BCE: Reign of the fifth king of Commagene, Mithridates II.
 
 
20 BCE - 12 BCE: Reign of the sixth king of Commagene, Mithridates III.
 
 
12 BCE - 17 CE: Reign of the seventh king of Commagene, Antiochus III Epiphanes.
 
17 CE - 38 CE: The Kingdom of Commagene is ruled by Rome.
 
 
38 CE - 72 CE: Reign of the eighth and last king of Commagene, Antiochus IV (also considered the greatest), who built Antiochia ad Cragum and Aytap.
 
42 CE: Antiochia ad Cragum founded by Antiochus IV of Commagene.
 
52 CE: Iotapa (Aytap) founded by Antiochus IV of Commagene in honor of his late wife Julia Iotapa.
 
52 CE - 72 CE: Iotapa (Aytap) mints coins dedicated to Antiochus IV of Commagene and his family.
 
 
72 CE: Roman emperor Vespasian annexes the kingdoms of Commagene and Lesser Armenia.
 
72 CE: The Kingdom of Commagene absorbed by the Roman Empire into the province of Cilicia.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
260 BCE 220 BCE 180 BCE 140 BCE 100 BCE 60 BCE 20 BCE 20 CE

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