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1227 CE - 1363 CE: The Mongol Chagatai Khanate rules in Central Asia.
1227 CE - 1242 CE: Reign of Chagatai Khan, ruler of the Mongol Chagatai Khanate named after him.
1242 CE: Death of Chagatai, ruler of the Chagatai Khanate.
1251 CE - 1259 CE: Reign of Mongke Khan, ruler of the Mongol Empire.
1251 CE - 1260 CE: Queen Orghina rules as regent of the Chagatai Khanate.
1260 CE - 1264 CE: Kublai Khan fights a civil war with his brother Ariq Boke for control of the Mongol Empire.
1260 CE - 1266 CE: Alghu Khan rules the Chagatai Khanate.
1264 CE: Alghu Khan, ruler of the Chagatai Khanate, marries the former regent Queen Orghina.
1266 CE - 1271 CE: Baraq Khan rules the Chagatai Khanate.
1270 CE: Abaqa, ruler of the Ilkhanate, defeats Baraq, ruler of the Chagatai Khanate, at the battle of Herat.
1271 CE - 1275 CE: Marco Polo travels across Asia to China.
1272 CE - 1301 CE: The Mongol leader Qaidu II dominates Central Asia and nominates khans to rule the Chagatai Khanate.
1273 CE: Abaqa, ruler of the Ilkhanate, sacks the city of Bukhara in the Chagatai Khanate.
1318 CE - 1327 CE: Kebek Khan rules the Chagatai Khanate.
1331 CE - 1334 CE: Tarmashirin Khan rules the Chagatai Khanate.
1347 CE - 1363 CE: Tughlugh Timur rules as the last Khan of the Chagatai Khanate. Upon his death, the state disintegrates.