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580 BCE 570 BCE 560 BCE 550 BCE 540 BCE 530 BCE 520 BCE 510 BCE 500 BCE 490 BCE 480 BCE 470 BCE 460 BCE 450 BCE 440 BCE 430 BCE 420 BCE 410 BCE 400 BCE 390 BCE 380 BCE 370 BCE 360 BCE 350 BCE 340 BCE 330 BCE 320 BCE 310 BCE 300 BCE 290 BCE 280 BCE 270 BCE 260 BCE 250 BCE 240 BCE 230 BCE 220 BCE 210 BCE 200 BCE 190 BCE 180 BCE 170 BCE 160 BCE 150 BCE
580 BCE - 376 BCE: Carthage and Greece fight for dominance in Sicily.
539 BCE: Etruscan & Carthaginian alliance expels the Greeks from Corsica.
535 BCE: Battle of Alalia. Carthaginian navy, in alliance with Etruscans, defeated Greek ships off the island of Corsica.
500 BCE: Carthage expands into southern Spain.
480 BCE: Tyrant of Syracuse Gelon defeats the Carthaginians at the battle of Himera.
406 BCE: Agrigento is attacked and destroyed by Carthage.
341 BCE: Timoleon defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Crimisus in Sicily.
338 BCE: Timoleon agrees a peace treaty with Carthage over their control of Sicily.
311 BCE: A Carthaginian army defeats Agathocles of Syracuse near Gela, Sicily.
310 BCE: Agathocles of Syracuse lands an army of 14,000 in North Africa.
309 BCE: Syracuse defeats a Carthaginian army in Sicily and kills their general Hamilcar.
307 BCE: Carthage defeats the army of Agathocles of Syracuse led by Archagathus while Agathocles is in Sicily.
306 BCE: Carthage and Agathocles of Syracuse sign a peace treaty and divide Sicily between them.
264 BCE - 241 BCE: First Punic War. Carthage cedes Sicily to Rome.
260 BCE: First Roman naval victory against Carthage off Mylae in the First Punic War.
255 BCE: A Carthaginain army led by the mercenary Spartan commander Xanthippus defeats two Roman legions near Tunis during the First Punic War.
250 BCE: A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated by Roman consul Metellus near Palermo in the First Punic War.
247 BCE: Hamilcar Barca raids southern Italy and then lands on Sicily during the First Punic War.
237 BCE: Hamilcar Barca arrives in southern Spain to expand Carthage's interests there. He makes his base at Gades and founds Acra Leuce.
229 BCE: Hasdrubal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
221 BCE: Hannibal takes command of Carthage's armies in Spain.
219 BCE: Hannibal crosses the Ebro river in Spain and sacks the city of Saguntum, Rome's ally, sparking off the Second Punic War.
218 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Trebia.
218 BCE: Hannibal leaves Spain to cross the Pyrenees and Alps into Italy.
218 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Ticinus.
218 BCE - 202 BCE: Second Punic War.
217 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Lake Trasimene.
216 BCE: "Hannibal ante portas." Hannibal directly threatens the city of Rome, but cannot advance due to lack of supplies and reinforcements.
216 BCE: Hannibal wins the battle of Cannae, the worst defeat in Roman history.
215 BCE: A Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal is defeated at the battle of Ibera in Spain.
212 BCE: A Carthaginian army is defeated in Sicily by a Roman army led by Marcellus. Syracuse falls to Rome who now control the island.
209 BCE: Scipio Africanus captures the Carthaginian base and treasury Carthago Nova in southern Spain.
207 BCE: Hannibal, harassed by Roman forces, is reduced to controlling only Bruttium in southern Italy.
207 BCE: Rome defeats a Carthaginian army at the battle of Metaurus.
206 BCE: Scipio Africanus wins the battle of Ilipa in Spain.
206 BCE - 205 BCE: The Romans conquer Gades. End of the Carthaginian presence on the Iberian Peninsula.
204 BCE - 203 BCE: Scipio Africanus wins two battles and besieges Utica in North Africa.
203 BCE: Carthaginian commander Mago is unable to join forces with Hannibal and his army is defeated in Cisalpine Gaul.
203 BCE: Scipio Africanus attacks the two camps of Syphax and Gisgo in North Africa and destroys their armies.
203 BCE: Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian army led by Hasdrubal in North Africa.
203 BCE: Hannibal is recalled from Italy to defend Carthage against Scipio Africanus.
202 BCE: Battle of Zama: Scipio Africanus defeats Hannibal, ending the Second Punic War.
150 BCE: A Carthaginian army attacks Numidia, breaking the peace treaty agreed with Rome and sparking the Third Punic War.
149 BCE - 146 BCE: Third Punic War.
149 BCE: Rome sends an army of 80,000 infantry and 4,000 cavalry to attack Carthage.
147 BCE: Scipio Africanus the Younger takes over command of the siege of Carthage and builds a mole to block its harbour.
146 BCE: Scipio Africanus the Younger sacks Carthage and enslaves its population.