Byblos Timeline

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4000 BCE 3500 BCE 3000 BCE 2500 BCE 2000 BCE 1500 BCE 1000 BCE 500 BCE 0 CE 500 CE 1000 CE  
4000 BCE - 3000 BCE: Trade contact between Byblos and Egypt.
1725 BCE: Invasion of the Hyksos.
1580 BCE - 800 BCE: Byblos liberated and occupied by the Egyptians. Phoenecian alphabet developed and spread through trade.
1200 BCE - 800 BCE: First wave of Phoenician colonization where largely trading-posts are founded throughout the Mediterranean.
1100 BCE - 725 BCE: Decline of Byblos as the sister city of Tyre rises in prominence.
1000 BCE: Death of Ahiram (or Ahirom) of Byblos, whose sarcophagus bears the oldest inscription of the Phoenician alphabet.
800 BCE - 600 BCE: Second stage of Phoenician colonization where trading-posts become full colonies throughout the Mediterranean.
332 BCE: Conquest of the Levant by Alexander the Great who destroys Tyre.
330 BCE - 64 BCE: Hellenistic Period in Byblos.
64 BCE: Byblos conquered by the Roman general Pompey the Great.
64 BCE - 395 CE: Byblos is a colony of the Roman Empire.
395 CE - 637 CE: Byblos is a colony of the Byzantine Empire (formerly known as the Eastern Roman Empire).
637 CE: Muslim rule of Byblos and surrounding region. Byblos steadily declines through neglect.
637 CE: Muslim invasion of the Levant. The Byzantines are driven out.
1098 CE: Christian Crusaders invade Byblos.
1099 CE: Muslim rule restored in the region. Byblos continues to decline until it is forgotten.
4000 BCE 3000 BCE 2000 BCE 1000 BCE 0 CE

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