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490 BCE 480 BCE 470 BCE
485 BCE - 465 BCE: Reign of Xerxes I (the Great) of Persia.
480 BCE: Artemisia of Caria participates in the Persian Expedition of Xerxes.
480 BCE: Artemisia distinguishes herself in naval battles of Artemisium and Salamis.
480 BCE: The indecisive battle of Artemision between the Greek and Persian fleets of Xerxes I. The Greeks withdraw to Salamis.
480 BCE: Battle of Salamis where the Greek naval fleet led by Themistocles defeats the invading armada of Xerxes I of Persia.
479 BCE: Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.