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461 BCE - 429 BCE: Pericles is ruler of Athens.
451 BCE - 403 CE: Life of Athenian statesman and general Alcibiades.
431 BCE - 404 BCE: The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
425 BCE: Pylos campaign, under Cleon and Demosthenes' command Athens defeats Sparta at Pylos.
420 BCE: Alcibiades is made strategos or general for the first time.
416 BCE: Alcibiades wins three chariot races at the Olympic Games.
415 BCE: Alcibiades persuades the Athenian assembly to send a military expedition to Sicily.
413 BCE: On the advice of Alcibiades the Spartans take over the Athenian-held fort of Dekeleia.
411 BCE: The oligarchy of the 400 take over the democracy in Athens and in a matter of months is replaced by an oligarchy of 5000.
410 BCE: Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.
407 BCE: Alcibiades returns to Athens in triumph and is made strategos autokrater.
407 BCE: Athenian general Alcibiades makes his naval base on Samos.
407 BCE: The Athenian fleet is defeated by Lysander of Sparta at Notium.
404 BCE: End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
403 BCE: Alcibiades is murdered in Phrygia.
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