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Abu Bakr Timeline

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  • 573 - 634
    Life of Abu Bakr, the first caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 622
    Muhammad undertakes the Hegira (Hijra), the migration from Mecca to Medina, establishing the start of the Islamic calendar.
  • 625
    Battle of Uhud: Quraysh tribe defeats the Muslims.
  • 629
    Battle of Mu'tah: Muslims attempt to capture the village east of the Jordan River from the Byzantine Empire to show their expanding dominance, resulting in a Muslim defeat.
  • 632
    Muhammad dies in Medina, not clearly naming a successor to lead the Muslim people.
  • 632 - 634
    Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph (successor to Muhammad) of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 632 - 633
    Ridda Wars (Wars of Apostacy): re-unification of the Arabian Peninsula under the banner of Islam.
  • Dec 632
    Battle of Yamama: Musaylimah (the Arch Liar) is killed in battle.
  • 634
    Battle of Ajnadayn: Muslim invasion of Syria.

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