Abbasid Dynasty Timeline

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  • 747 CE - 750 CE
    Abbasid Revolution.
  • 750 CE
    Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • 750 CE
    Start of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 750 CE
    Death of Imam Ibrahim, the leader of the Abbasid clan - he was succeeded by his brother Abu Abbas.
  • 750 CE - 754 CE
    Reign of Abu Abbas As-Saffah.
  • 751 CE
    Battle of Talas (Tang-Abbasid war; followed by amiable diplomatic relations).
  • 754 CE - 775 CE
    Reign of Al-Mansur over the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 755 CE
    Death of Abu Muslim, the mastermind of the Abbasid revolution.
  • 756 CE - 788 CE
    Reign of Abd al-Rahman I over the Emirate of Cordoba.
  • 756 CE
    Abd al-Rahman I establishes the Emirate of Cordoba.
  • 775 CE - 785 CE
    Reign of al-Mahdi.
  • 785 CE - 786 CE
    The reign of al-Hadi.
  • 786 CE - 809 CE
    The reign of Harun al-Rashid.
  • 800 CE - 909 CE
    Aghlabids given autonomy over Ifriqya and western half of Sicily.
  • 806 CE
    Harun al-Rashid's famous invasion into Byzantine territories.
  • 809 CE - 813 CE
    Reign of al-Amin.
  • 813 CE - 833 CE
    Reign of al-Ma'mun.
  • 833 CE - 842 CE
    Reign of al-Mu'tasim.
  • 842 CE - 847 CE
    Reign of al-Wathik.
  • 847 CE - 861 CE
    Reign of al-Mutawakkil.
  • 861 CE
    Al-Mutawakkil is killed in a palace coup instigated by his Turkish bodyguards.
  • 861 CE - 862 CE
    Reign of al-Muntasir.
  • 909 CE
    Fatimids overthrow the Aghlabids in Ifriqya.
  • 909 CE - 1171 CE
    Fatimids rule as an anti-Caliphate to the Abbasids.
  • 945 CE
    Buyids take possession of Baghdad.
  • 1055 CE
    Seljuks oust the Buyids and take control of Baghdad.
  • 1092 CE - 1135 CE
    Reign of al-Mustarshid; revival of military strength begins.
  • 1135 CE
    Al-Mustarshid is killed by the Seljuks.
  • 1136 CE - 1160 CE
    Reign of al-Muktafi; revival of military strength is completed.
  • 1157 CE
    Seljuks besiege Baghdad but are unable to penetrate it.
  • 1171 CE
    Saladin abolishes the Fatimid Caliphate.
  • 1174 CE - 1193 CE
    Reign of Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.
  • 1225 CE
    Death of al-Nasir, the last able Abbasid ruler.
  • 1250 CE - 1517 CE
    Mamluk Sultanate.
  • 1258 CE
    The Mongols conquer the Abbasid Caliphate. During this campaign there is the infamous sacking of Baghdad and murder of the caliph.
  • 1260 CE
    Battle of Ain Jalut; Mongol advance to the heartland of Islam is halted.
  • 1261 CE - 1517 CE
    Abbasid "shadow caliphs" are kept in Cairo by their Mamluk overlords.
  • 1517 CE
    Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Sultanate conquers the Mamluk Sultanate and transfers the caliphal title to his lineage.

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Legend:

700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1100 CE 1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE 1500 CE  
 
747 CE - 750 CE: Abbasid Revolution.
 
 
750 CE: Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.
 
 
750 CE: Start of the Abbasid Caliphate.
 
750 CE: Death of Imam Ibrahim, the leader of the Abbasid clan - he was succeeded by his brother Abu Abbas.
 
750 CE - 754 CE: Reign of Abu Abbas As-Saffah.
 
751 CE: Battle of Talas (Tang-Abbasid war; followed by amiable diplomatic relations).
 
754 CE - 775 CE: Reign of Al-Mansur over the Abbasid Caliphate.
 
755 CE: Death of Abu Muslim, the mastermind of the Abbasid revolution.
 
 
756 CE - 788 CE: Reign of Abd al-Rahman I over the Emirate of Cordoba.
 
 
756 CE: Abd al-Rahman I establishes the Emirate of Cordoba.
 
775 CE - 785 CE: Reign of al-Mahdi.
 
785 CE - 786 CE: The reign of al-Hadi.
 
786 CE - 809 CE: The reign of Harun al-Rashid.
 
 
800 CE - 909 CE: Aghlabids given autonomy over Ifriqya and western half of Sicily.
 
806 CE: Harun al-Rashid's famous invasion into Byzantine territories.
 
809 CE - 813 CE: Reign of al-Amin.
 
813 CE - 833 CE: Reign of al-Ma'mun.
 
833 CE - 842 CE: Reign of al-Mu'tasim.
 
842 CE - 847 CE: Reign of al-Wathik.
 
847 CE - 861 CE: Reign of al-Mutawakkil.
 
861 CE: Al-Mutawakkil is killed in a palace coup instigated by his Turkish bodyguards.
 
861 CE - 862 CE: Reign of al-Muntasir.
 
909 CE: Fatimids overthrow the Aghlabids in Ifriqya.
 
909 CE - 1171 CE: Fatimids rule as an anti-Caliphate to the Abbasids.
 
945 CE: Buyids take possession of Baghdad.
 
1055 CE: Seljuks oust the Buyids and take control of Baghdad.
 
1092 CE - 1135 CE: Reign of al-Mustarshid; revival of military strength begins.
 
1135 CE: Al-Mustarshid is killed by the Seljuks.
 
1136 CE - 1160 CE: Reign of al-Muktafi; revival of military strength is completed.
 
1157 CE: Seljuks besiege Baghdad but are unable to penetrate it.
 
1171 CE: Saladin abolishes the Fatimid Caliphate.
 
 
1174 CE - 1193 CE: Reign of Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.
 
1225 CE: Death of al-Nasir, the last able Abbasid ruler.
 
 
1250 CE - 1517 CE: Mamluk Sultanate.
 
 
1258 CE: The Mongols conquer the Abbasid Caliphate. During this campaign there is the infamous sacking of Baghdad and murder of the caliph.
 
1260 CE: Battle of Ain Jalut; Mongol advance to the heartland of Islam is halted.
 
1261 CE - 1517 CE: Abbasid "shadow caliphs" are kept in Cairo by their Mamluk overlords.
 
1517 CE: Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Sultanate conquers the Mamluk Sultanate and transfers the caliphal title to his lineage.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
700 CE 800 CE 900 CE 1000 CE 1100 CE 1200 CE 1300 CE 1400 CE

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