East of the Zagros Mountains, a high plateau stretches off towards...
Persia (roughly modern-day Iran) is among the oldest inhabited...
Cambyses II (r. 530-522 BCE) was the second king of the Achaemenid...
Chogha Zanbil (literally “basket mound”) is an ancient...
Elam was a region in the Near East corresponding to the modern-day...
Herodotus: On The Customs of the Persians
Herodotus (484-425 BCE) the Greek historian who wrote extensively...
Babylon at the time of the Kassites
A map of the Babylonian Empire during the time of the Kassites...
Destruction of Susa
Ashurbanipal's campaign against Susa is triumphantly recorded in...
Glazed Brick Guardsman from Susa, Iran
This was part of a frieze depicting rows of guards. The vivid colors...
Headless Statue of Darius the Great
Headless, 2.5-meter tall granite statue of Darius I originally...
Map of Sumer
The area which formed Sumer started at the Persian Gulf and reached...
Palace of Darius in Susa
The foundations of the Palace of Darius the Great at Susa (Iran...