Persian Royal Road
Map of the Persian Royal Road from Susa to Sardes.
The Silk Road
This map indicates trading routes used around the 1st century CE centred on the Silk Road. The routes remain largely valid for the period 500 BCE to 500 CE. Geographical labels for regions are adapted from the Geography of Ptolemy (c...
Late Medieval Market Scene
A 15th century CE manuscript illustration showing a medieval market scene.
Feudal Japan Medieval Regent Figurehead Shinto Clan Court Zen Buddhism Daimyo Samurai Shogun Bushido Ronin Wako Kana system Za Kamikaze
Traditional Dhow Sailing Vessel
A traditional dhow sailing vessel, used by medieval Arab traders in the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean.
Medieval Spice Merchant
A detail from a stained glass window of Chartres Cathedral, France showing a vendor of spices. 13th century CE. Many medieval guilds contributed to the production of the windows of the cathedral.
Mycenaean Pottery Vessels from Jordan
The term "Mycenaean" is derived from the site of Mycenae; it refers to the culture of Greece during the Middle and Late Bronze Ages. Mycenaean imports greatly increased around 1400 BCE and were mostly stirrup vessels, pyxides, and piriform...
Brass Manilla Currency
A cast brass manilla from Nigeria, used as a currency in the kingdom of Benin (13th-19th century CE) and other West African states. Width: 6 cms. (British Museum, London)
The Thermopolium of Vetutius Placidus in Pompeii
The thermopolium (cook-shop) of Vetutius Placidus in Pompeii. Thermapolia were bars which served hot food and drinks. The 'L' shaped masonry counter has large storage jars which were used to hold food. On the rear wall of the bar is a painted...
Ancient Roman Marketplace
An artist's impression of what life on an ancient Roman forum (marketplace) would look like. Image by Mateusz Przeklasa, reproduced with permission courtesy of Ancient History Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.