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Trade in Ancient Greece
Article by Mark Cartwright

Trade in Ancient Greece

Trade was a fundamental aspect of the ancient Greek world and following territorial expansion, an increase in population movements, and innovations in transport, goods could be bought, sold, and exchanged in one part of the Mediterranean...
The Greek Phalanx
Article by Joshua J. Mark

The Greek Phalanx

One of the most effective and enduring military formations in ancient warfare was that of the Greek phalanx. The age of the phalanx may be traced back to Sumeria in the 25th century BCE, through Egypt, and finally appearing in Greek literature...
Cleopatra & Antony
Article by Brian Haughton

Cleopatra & Antony

Regarded by the Romans as “fatale monstrum”- a fatal omen, Cleopatra is one of the ancient world’s most popular, though elusive figures. The Egyptian Queen has been immortalized by numerous writers and film-makers, most...
The Rise of Cities in the Ancient Mediterranean
Article by Oxford University Press

The Rise of Cities in the Ancient Mediterranean

The history of the ancient world has always been told as a history of cities, from Homer’s epic poems about events just before and just after the sack of Troy, through the prose histories of wars between Athens and Sparta, Rome and...
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Article by De Armond, Thea

The Menelaion: A Local Manifestation of a Pan-Hellenic Phenomenon

In his New History, the second century CE grammarian Ptolemy Chennos (also called Ptolemy Hephaestion) alleges that over two dozen celebrated women named Helen lived at the time of the Trojan War. These women include a painter, a woman...
Hipponax & Misogyny in Ancient Greece
Article by Lauren Hawkins

Hipponax & Misogyny in Ancient Greece

It has always been recognized that women in the ancient world were considered only a little higher in value than the man’s cattle or plow and, sometimes, not even accorded that kind of respect. Examples of misogynistic attitudes toward...
Comparison of the Greek City-States: Athens vs Sparta
Video by Ancient History Encyclopedia

Comparison of the Greek City-States: Athens vs Sparta

Athens vs Sparta! Learn all about the similarities and differences of the Greek City-States, Athens and Sparta! This short comparison with Kelly Macquire discusses the important differences between Athens and Sparta during the height of their...
Warfare in Classical Greece
Collection by Mark Cartwright

Warfare in Classical Greece

The ancient Greek city-states were in a constant rivalry for land, resources and power which meant that warfare became an ever-present aspect of life. Athens and Sparta were famous rivals throughout the Classical period but other cities like...
Trade & Commerce in Ancient Greece
Collection by Mark Cartwright

Trade & Commerce in Ancient Greece

The ancient Mediterranean was a busy place with trading ships sailing in all directions to connect cities and cultures. The Greeks were so keen on the rewards of trade and commerce that they colonized large parts of the coastal Mediterranean...
Colosseum (Amphitheatrum Flavium), c. 70-80 C.E., Rome
Video by Smarthistory, Art History at Khan Academy

Colosseum (Amphitheatrum Flavium), c. 70-80 C.E., Rome

More free lessons at: http://www.khanacademy.org/video?v=9wguQaBYKec Colosseum (Amphitheatrum Flavium), c. 70-80 C.E., Rome Speakers: Valentina Follo (courtesy of Context Travel), Dr. Beth Harris, Dr. Steven Zucker Cover photo by Julia Avra...