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Marcus Aurelius: Philosopher Emperor or Philosopher-King?
Article by Steven Umbrello

Marcus Aurelius: Philosopher Emperor or Philosopher-King?

Co-authored by Steven Umbrello and Tina Forsee It is very common to hear in both academic circles, as well as more close-knit Stoic circles, Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180 CE) being referred to as the philosopher king. This is not...
Faces of Roman Emperors: Imperial Crisis & the Barracks Emperors
Image Gallery by Arienne King

Faces of Roman Emperors: Imperial Crisis & the Barracks Emperors

A series of facial reconstructions of Roman emperors during the Crisis of the Third Century (235-284 CE), including the Gordian Emperors. These so-called "Barracks emperors" seized power during a time of turmoil, and their reigns...
Faces of Roman Emperors: Nerva to the Severan Dynasty
Image Gallery by Arienne King

Faces of Roman Emperors: Nerva to the Severan Dynasty

A series of facial reconstructions of Roman emperors from the Nerva-Antonine Dynasty (96 CE-192 CE), the Year of the Five Emperors (193 CE) and the Severan Dynasty (193-235 CE). These photorealistic reconstructions are only best guesses at...
Visual Chronology of Roman Emperors: Augustus to Constantine
Article by Mark Cartwright

Visual Chronology of Roman Emperors: Augustus to Constantine

The Julio-Claudian Dynasty [image:486] Augustus 16 Jan 27 BCE - 19 Aug 14 CE [image:777] Tiberius 18 Sep 14 CE - 16 Mar 37 CE [image:2400] Caligula 18 Mar 37 CE - 24 Jan 41 CE [image:644] Claudius 25 Jan 41 CE - 13...
Rome under the Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Article by Donald L. Wasson

Rome under the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

The Julio-Claudians were the first dynasty to rule the Roman Empire. After the death of the dictator-for-life Julius Caesar in 44 BCE, his adopted son Octavian - later to become known as Augustus (r. 27 BCE - 14 CE) - fought...
The Murder of Julius Caesar
Article by Donald L. Wasson

The Murder of Julius Caesar

Veni, vidi, vici! This was the simple message the Roman commander Julius Caesar sent to the Senate in Rome after a resounding victory in the east against King Pharnaces of Pontus - a message that demonstrated both arrogance as well as...
Interview: Barry Strauss on Ten Caesars
Article by James Blake Wiener

Interview: Barry Strauss on Ten Caesars

Dr. Barry Strauss’ Ten Caesars: Roman Emperors from Augustus to Constantine tells the epic story of the Roman Empire from its rise to its eastern reinvention, from Augustus, who founded the empire, to Constantine, who made it Christian...
The Great Jewish Revolt of 66 CE
Article by Harry Oates

The Great Jewish Revolt of 66 CE

The Roman Empire in the early 1st century CE was often regarded as the perfect empire. The outstanding military prowess of the Romans was used to expand the empire, and once the territories were acceptably pacified, Roman political power...
Marcus Aurelius: Plato's Philosopher King
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Marcus Aurelius: Plato's Philosopher King

Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (r. 161-180 CE), last of the “good emperors” of the Roman Empire, has been hailed as “the noblest of all the men who, by sheer intelligence and force of character, have prized and achieved...
Festivals in Ancient Egypt
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Festivals in Ancient Egypt

The gods of the ancient Egyptians were always apparent to the people through natural events. The sunrise was Ra emerging from the underworld in his great ship, for example, and the moon was the god Khonsu traveling across the night sky. When...