Slavery in the Roman World
Slavery was an ever-present feature of the Roman world. Slaves served in households, agriculture, mines, the military, manufacturing workshops, construction and a wide range of services within the city. As many as 1 in 3 of the population...
Queen Teuta of Illyria
Artist's impression of Teuta, Queen of the Illyrian Ardiaei tribe, leads a pirate expedition against rome. According to Illyrian laws, piracy was a legitimate trade, which led to war against the Roman Republic, who did not approve. This...
Daorson Ruins, Ancient Illyria
The ruins of Daorson, ancient Illyria (modern Bosnia). The region was inhabited by the Daorsi tribe who flourished in the region c. 300-50 BCE. They fell under the control of Queen Teuta (r. 231-227 BCE) and were most likely involved in Illyrian...
Blue and White Tiled Stairs
A public staircase in Lisbon, Portugal showing azulejos (glazed ceramic tiles). During the early 18th century CE, Portuguese tile artisans fell under the influence of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE) Chinese porcelain design and Dutch Delftware...
Moni Agios Georgios Varsamitis Ruins
The Moni Agios Georgios Varsamitis ruins on the island of Amorgos, Greece, a haven for pirates in the ancient Mediterranean between c. 1200-1400 CE.
Hosoviotissa Monastery, Amorgos Greece
The monastery of Hosoviotissa, Chora Village, Amorgos, Greece. Built in 1017 CE and utilized to protect a religious icon from pirates. Renovated in 1088 CE and still in use in the present day. Amorgos, the easternmost isle of Cyclades, was...
Statue of Queen Teuta
Statue of the Illyrian Queen Teuta (r. 231-227 BCE) and Pinnes in Tirana, Albania
Escaped Slave Before a Queen
An artist's depiction of an escaped slave standing in the court of a Hellenistic queen. From the game Old World.
Ancient Sea Battle
Modern 3D representation of what an ancient sea battle between Romans and pirates may have looked like.
Cilicia Campestris was one of the six districts of the Roman province of Cilicia organized by Pompey the Great (l. c. 106-48 BCE) in 64 BCE. The name translates roughly into “Cilicia of the Plains” and corresponds to the earlier...