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Lion Temple of Jaffa
Image by James Blake Wiener

Lion Temple of Jaffa

The Lion Temple of Jaffa is located in the heart of Jaffa's old quarter in what is now present-day Israel. It dates to c. 1500 BCE – 1200 BCE when the region was occupied by ancient Egypt. It is believed that the Phoenician and Canaanite...
Dancing with the Lion: Rise
Image by Jeanne Reames

Dancing with the Lion: Rise

Book Cover of Dancing with the Lion: Rise, written by Dr. Jeanne Reames. Artwork by L.C. Chase Copyright Riptide Publishing, LLC. Reprinted with permission.
Map of Phoenicia
Image by Wikipedia user Kordas, based on Alvaro's work

Map of Phoenicia

A map of ancient Phoenicia with important cities.
Baal Statue
Image by Jastrow

Baal Statue

Baal, right arm raised. Bronze figurine, 14th-12th centuries, found in Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit).
Tophet of Carthage
Image by Dennis Jarvis

Tophet of Carthage

A section of the cemetery of ancient Carthage (modern Tunisia). Used between c. 400 and 200 BCE, the grave stelae on the site were usually set up above an urn of cremated remains of the deceased.
Tanit Mosaic
Image by Carole Raddato

Tanit Mosaic

Floor of a house in the Punic city or Kerkouane (modern-day Tunisia) decorated with primitive mosaic pavements, one of which figures the Punic goddess Tanit. Kerkouane was founded during the Punic period, perhaps in the 5th century BCE...
Gold Plaque From Tell el-Ajjul
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Gold Plaque From Tell el-Ajjul

This plaque of gold is thought to represent the Canaanite goddess of fertility, Astarte. MBIIC, 1650-1500 BCE. From Tell el-Ajjul, Gaza Strip. (The British Museum, London).
Goddess Astarte Plaque
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Goddess Astarte Plaque

Terracotta plaque depicting the Canaanite goddess Astarte. The Late Bronze Age at Lachish. (The British Museum, London).
Ruins of the Lion Temple in Jaffa
Image by James Blake Wiener

Ruins of the Lion Temple in Jaffa

The Lion Temple, located in present-day Jaffa, Israel, got its name from a lioness' skull that was found within it. This skull was apparently used in a ritual performed here at the time of the ancient Canaanites and from an altar that served...
Religion in the Ancient World
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Religion in the Ancient World

Religion (from the Latin Religio, meaning 'restraint,' or Relegere, according to Cicero, meaning 'to repeat, to read again,' or, most likely, Religionem, 'to show respect for what is sacred') is an organized system...