ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS : Mycenaeans and Phoenicians
A look at Ancient Civilizations of the Mycenaeans and Phoenicians. A visit to the heart of the first great civilizations between the Euphrates and the Agean Sea takes us to the pre-Hellenic cities of Mycenae, Tiryns, and the legendary Babylonian...
Phoenician Religious Sacrifice
A scene depicting a bird sacrifice, a common practice in the Phoenician religion. From the sarcophagus of Ahiram, king of Byblos. 10th century BCE. (Beirut National Museum)
Phoenician Oblelisk from Cyprus
The finely carved inscription on this obelisk dates to the 4th century BCE. The obelisk was set up in a cemetery at the Phoenician colony of Kition in Cyprus by a certain Arish in memory of his parent; his father Parz, who is said to have...
Baal Cycle Tablets
Clay tablets engraved with cuneiform script preserving the Ugaritic poem known as the Baal Cycle, a story featuring gods from Canaanite-Phoenician religion. The Baal Cycle tells the story of the sea god Yamm's conflict with the fertility...
Sarcophagus of Ahiram
The Sarcophagus of Ahiram, king of Byblos, bearing the oldest inscription of the Phoenician alphabet, which reads: "Coffin which Ittobaal, son of Ahiram, king of Byblos, made for Ahiram, his father, when he placed him in the 'house of...
Temple of the Obelisks
The Temple of the Obelisks in Byblos was an ancient Phoenician temple built in the Late Bronze Age (1600-1200 BCE).
A gilded bronze statue of the Phoenician god Reshef. From Byblos. (National Museum of Beirut)
Punic Stele with Goddess Tanit
Punic stele with a crescent moon and the sign of the Phoenician goddess of fertility Tanit, found in Cirta (ancient Constantine, Algeria), around 300-200 BCE. Now in Louvre Lens, France.
Votive Statue of Melqart
Votive statue of Melqart from Gades (Cadiz, Spain), 7th century BCE. (Archaeological Museum, Seville). Melquart was a Phoenician god and patron god of the city of Tyre.
A painted limestone bust of Hercules-Melqart. Cyprus, 5th century BCE. The god was an amalgamation of the Greek hero Hercules and the Phoenician god Melqart. (Museo Barracco, Rome)