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Evolution of the Phoenician Alphabet
Image by Zander Schubert

Evolution of the Phoenician Alphabet

The Phoenician alphabet and its equivalents in four modern alphabets. From left to right: Latin, Greek, Phoenician, Hebrew, Arabic. Legend: In the middle column you'll find the original Phoenician letters, with their modern equivalents in...
Phoenician Oblelisk from Cyprus
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Phoenician Oblelisk from Cyprus

The finely carved inscription on this obelisk dates to the 4th century BCE. The obelisk was set up in a cemetery at the Phoenician colony of Kition in Cyprus by a certain Arish in memory of his parent; his father Parz, who is said to have...
Phoenician Glassware
Image by Remi Mathis

Phoenician Glassware

Two Phoenician coloured glass vessels. 5th-3rd century BCE. (Museum kunst Palast, Dusseldorf)
Phoenician Religious Sacrifice
Image by O.Mustafin

Phoenician Religious Sacrifice

A scene depicting a bird sacrifice, a common practice in the Phoenician religion. From the sarcophagus of Ahiram, king of Byblos. 10th century BCE. (Beirut National Museum)
Sarcophagus of Ahiram
Image by G. Eric and Edith Matson Photograph Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress (1936)

Sarcophagus of Ahiram

The Sarcophagus of Ahiram, king of Byblos, bearing the oldest inscription of the Phoenician alphabet, which reads: "Coffin which Ittobaal, son of Ahiram, king of Byblos, made for Ahiram, his father, when he placed him in the 'house of...
Phoenician Ship in a Storm
Image by John Clark Ridpath, 1840-1900

Phoenician Ship in a Storm

Artist's rendition of a Phoenician ship at sea during a storm. The Phoenicians were a great maritime people and often adorned their ships with horses' heads to honour Yamm, their god of the sea. Although Yamm could raise the seas to sink...
Coffin of the Lycian
Image by Hamdy Bey

Coffin of the Lycian

A coffin found in Sidon by Hamdy Bey. It's today in the Istanbul museum
Eshmunazar II
Image by Eric Chan

Eshmunazar II

The sarcophagus of Eshmunazar II, king of the Phoenician city of Sidon in the 5th century BCE. (Louvre, Paris)
Fleeing Phoenician Queen
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Fleeing Phoenician Queen

This gypsum fragment shows a Phoenician queen holding a baby, fleeing in a boat from the invading Assyrian army. It was once part of limestone relief at the Throne room I of Sennacherib's palace at Nineveh. From the South-West Palace, Nineveh...
The Lady of Galera
Image by James Blake Wiener

The Lady of Galera

Made of alabaster, the "Lady of Galera" comes from the Necropolis of TĂștugi, Zone I, Gave 20 (Galera, Granada) in Spain. This sculpture of an enthroned goddess is identified with Astarte. It was designed as a ritual container with a hollow...