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Tonalpohualli Mesoamerican Calendar
Image by Richard Graeber

Tonalpohualli Mesoamerican Calendar

A representation of the Tonalpohualli – ‘Counting of the Days’ 260-day calendar used by ancient Mesoamerican cultures. Two systems ran simultaneously with a group of 13 numbered days combined with a group of 20 name days. Thus, each day had...
Temple at Tulum by Catherwood
Image by N/A

Temple at Tulum by Catherwood

In the early 1840's Frederick Catherwood and John Lloyd Stephens extensively explored many of the ruined cities of the ancient Maya. Catherwood's drawings complemented Stephens' text in his best-selling books Incidents of Travel in Central...
Xipe Totec
Image by Papageno

Xipe Totec

Xipe Totec was the Mesoamerican god of spring and patron of planting, seeds and goldsmiths and particularly worshipped by the Aztecs. Human sacrifices were made to the god and the skins of the victims worn in imitation of the process of regeneration...
Xiuhtecuhtli
Image by bathporeia

Xiuhtecuhtli

A turquoise mosaic mask representing Xiuhtecuhtli, the Aztec god of fire, 1400-1521 CE. The mask is of cedar wood with mother-of-pearl eyes, conch shell teeth and once with gold leaf on the eyelids. (The British Museum, London).
Lake Texcoco
Image by Wikipedia User: Madman2001

Lake Texcoco

A map of Lake Texcoco and the Valley of Mexico indicating the principal settlements c. 1519 CE, including the Aztec Triple Alliance cities of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
Tarascan Coyote Seat
Image by James Blake Wiener

Tarascan Coyote Seat

This ceremonial seat in the form of a coyote comes from Mexico's Lake Pátzcuaro Basin in Michoacán. This seat was likely occupied by a person of importance, and it was made by artisans residing in the Tarascan State. (Museum Rietberg, Zürich...
Costa Rica, 16th century CE
Image by Rodtico21

Costa Rica, 16th century CE

Map of Costa Rica in the 16th century CE.
Chocolate Beaker
Image by Mary Harsch (photographed at the de Young Museum of Fine Arts)

Chocolate Beaker

Vase for pouring chocolate, earthenware, Belize, Late Classic Maya, Altun-Ha style. (De Young Museum of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
Pyramid  of the Feathered Serpent, Xochicalco
Image by Rodolfo Araiza G.

Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent, Xochicalco

A detail of the pyramid platform known as the 'Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent', Xochicalco, central Mexico. The four walls of the structure have relief carvings which include large feathered serpents and they form a four-sided open enclosure...
Joined Couple from Nayarit, Mexico
Image by James Blake Wiener

Joined Couple from Nayarit, Mexico

This sculpture of a joined male and female couple dates from 100 BCE-250 CE. It is a polychrome ceramic and comes from Nayarit, Mexico. (Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University, Stanford, California)