Tonalpohualli Mesoamerican Calendar
A representation of the Tonalpohualli – ‘Counting of the Days’ 260-day calendar used by ancient Mesoamerican cultures. Two systems ran simultaneously with a group of 13 numbered days combined with a group of 20 name days. Thus, each day had...
Temple at Tulum by Catherwood
In the early 1840's Frederick Catherwood and John Lloyd Stephens extensively explored many of the ruined cities of the ancient Maya. Catherwood's drawings complemented Stephens' text in his best-selling books Incidents of Travel in Central...
Xipe Totec was the Mesoamerican god of spring and patron of planting, seeds and goldsmiths and particularly worshipped by the Aztecs. Human sacrifices were made to the god and the skins of the victims worn in imitation of the process of regeneration...
A turquoise mosaic mask representing Xiuhtecuhtli, the Aztec god of fire, 1400-1521 CE. The mask is of cedar wood with mother-of-pearl eyes, conch shell teeth and once with gold leaf on the eyelids. (The British Museum, London).
A map of Lake Texcoco and the Valley of Mexico indicating the principal settlements c. 1519 CE, including the Aztec Triple Alliance cities of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan.
Tarascan Coyote Seat
This ceremonial seat in the form of a coyote comes from Mexico's Lake Pátzcuaro Basin in Michoacán. This seat was likely occupied by a person of importance, and it was made by artisans residing in the Tarascan State. (Museum Rietberg, Zürich...
Costa Rica, 16th century CE
Map of Costa Rica in the 16th century CE.
Vase for pouring chocolate, earthenware, Belize, Late Classic Maya, Altun-Ha style. (De Young Museum of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent, Xochicalco
A detail of the pyramid platform known as the 'Pyramid of the Feathered Serpent', Xochicalco, central Mexico. The four walls of the structure have relief carvings which include large feathered serpents and they form a four-sided open enclosure...
Joined Couple from Nayarit, Mexico
This sculpture of a joined male and female couple dates from 100 BCE-250 CE. It is a polychrome ceramic and comes from Nayarit, Mexico. (Iris & B. Gerald Cantor Center for Visual Arts at Stanford University, Stanford, California)