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Huitzilopochtli
Image by Gigette

Huitzilopochtli

A depiction of the Aztec god of war and the sun Huitzilopochtli. The god carries his typical atl-atl or spear-thrower, feathered arrows and shield and wears hummingbird feathers. (Codex Barbonicus).
Toltec Warrior Columns
Image by Luidger

Toltec Warrior Columns

The columns atop Pyramid B at the Toltec capital of Tollan (Tula) which once supported a roof structure. They are each composed of four column drums and represent Toltec warriors ready for battle wearing their customary headdress and butterfly...
Pyramid B, Tollan
Image by HJPD

Pyramid B, Tollan

Pyramid B of Tollan in central Mexico, the capital of the Toltec civilization (10-12th century CE). The five-tiered pyramid is topped by stone warrior columns which would have once supported a roof structure. In the foreground stand the ruins...
The Tarascan Empire
Image by Maunus

The Tarascan Empire

A map of Mexico indicating in green the extent of the Tarascan empire in the late Post-Classic period (1350-1520 CE) and the Tarascan capital of Tzintzuntzan. Indicated in grey is the contemporary Aztec empire.
Mesoamerican Ballgame Players
Image by James Blake Wiener

Mesoamerican Ballgame Players

A ceramic vessel with painted scenes of Maya players of the Mesoamerican ballgame. Guatemala, 700-800 CE. (St. Louis Art Museum, Missouri)
Tonalpohualli Mesoamerican Calendar
Image by Richard Graeber

Tonalpohualli Mesoamerican Calendar

A representation of the Tonalpohualli – ‘Counting of the Days’ 260-day calendar used by ancient Mesoamerican cultures. Two systems ran simultaneously with a group of 13 numbered days combined with a group of 20 name days. Thus, each day had...
Reconstruction of Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacan
Image by NeoMam Studios/THISISRENDER/Expedia

Reconstruction of Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacan

A digital reconstruction of the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan as it may have appeared when it was first constructed in 200 CE. The Pyramid of the Sun is the third largest pyramid in the ancient world. Made by NeoMam Studios and THISISRENDER...
Tezcatlipoca Turquoise Skull
Image by Trustees of the British Museum

Tezcatlipoca Turquoise Skull

A decorated human skull thought to represent the Mesoamerican god Tezcatlipoca. Mosaic of turquoise and lignite cover the skull with red thorny oyster shell used around the nasal cavity. Polished pyrite surrounded by white conch shell provide...
Monte Alban
Image by Gumr51

Monte Alban

Part of the sacred precinct of Monte Alban, in the Oaxaca Valley of Mexico. The site was the capital of the Zapotec Civilization from c. 500 BCE to c. 900 CE.
Lord Pacal
Image by Graeme Churchard

Lord Pacal

K'inich Janaab' Pacal otherwise known as Lord Pacal and Pacal the Great, 603-683 CE and Mayan king of Palenque. (National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City)