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Mayan Ocarina Depicting the Death God Ah
Image by James Blake Wiener

Mayan Ocarina Depicting the Death God Ah

Ah Puch, the Mayan god of death, is often represented as having an owl's head since owls were considered symbols of death to the ancient Maya. This figurine dates to c. 600-800 CE, which coincides with the Classic Period in Mayan history...
Temple of Las Vasijas at Chacchoben
Image by Betsy Mark

Temple of Las Vasijas at Chacchoben

Temple of Las Vasijas ("the vessels") at Maya site of Chacchoben c. 700 CE.
Altar in Temple of the Ways Chacchoben
Image by Betsy Mark

Altar in Temple of the Ways Chacchoben

Temple of the Ways, Maya city of Chacchoben, c. 700 CE. The altar, in the center of the temple, purposefully resembles a mouth and received sacrificial offerings. This temple continued to be used as a place of worship for centuries after...
Detail of Altar Temple of Ways Chacchoben
Image by Betsy Mark

Detail of Altar Temple of Ways Chacchoben

Detail of the sacrificial altar at the Temple of the Ways, Maya city of Chacchoben, c. 700 CE.
Maya Rain God, Tulum - 3D View
3D Image by Mario_Wallner

Maya Rain God, Tulum - 3D View

The Temple of the Frescoes at the Maya city of Tulum in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Spectacularly located on a cliff overlooking the turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea, Tulum is a Mayan settlement that flourished in the 13th cent. CE until the...
The Temple of the Frescoes, Tulum, Mexico
Image by Betsy Mark

The Temple of the Frescoes, Tulum, Mexico

The Temple of the Frescoes dates to around the 11th century CE while the paintings on the walls inside date to 11th-12th centuries CE. A second storey was added later. Two red hand prints can be seen on this second level thought by some scholars...
Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of The Mayan Book of The Dawn of Life and The Glories of Gods and Kings
Book Review by Joshua J. Mark

Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of The Mayan Book of The Dawn of Life and The Glories of Gods and Kings

The Popol Vuh is a religious text of the Maya people. Written down between 1701 and 1703 by the Spanish priest Francisco Ximenez, from much older source material, the book tells the story of the creation of the world, of human beings, and...
Religion in the Ancient World
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Religion in the Ancient World

Religion (from the Latin Religio, meaning 'restraint,' or Relegere, according to Cicero, meaning 'to repeat, to read again,' or, most likely, Religionem, 'to show respect for what is sacred') is an organized system of beliefs and practices...
Roman Religion
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Roman Religion

In many societies, ancient and modern, religion has performed a major role in their development, and the Roman Empire was no different. From the beginning Roman religion was polytheistic. From an initial array of gods and spirits, Rome added...
Ancient Persian Religion
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Persian Religion

Ancient Persian religion was a polytheistic faith which corresponds roughly to what is known today as ancient Persian mythology. It first developed in the region known as Greater Iran (the Caucasus, Central Asia, South Asia, and West Asia...