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Nova (PBS) - Hagia Sophia, Istanbul's Mystery - 4204
Video by Bruce Crawford

Nova (PBS) - Hagia Sophia, Istanbul's Mystery - 4204

How has this unique structure, built on a seismic fault, survived centuries of quakes?
Justinian's Plague (541-542 CE)
Article by John Horgan

Justinian's Plague (541-542 CE)

During the reign of the emperor Justinian I (527-565 CE), one of the worst outbreaks of the plague took place, claiming the lives of millions of people. The plague arrived in Constantinople in 542 CE, almost a year after the disease...
Columns of Hagia Sophia
Image by Hagia Sophia Research Team

Columns of Hagia Sophia

Columns of Hagia Sophia, 6th century CE, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey. In Hagia Sophia, there are 140 monolithic columns which were brought from different places of the world.
Column of Hagia Sophia
Image by Hagia Sophia Research Team

Column of Hagia Sophia

A column of Hagia Sophia, 6th century CE, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey. In Hagia Sophia, there are 140 monolithic columns which were brought from different places of the world. For instance; the 8 porphyry columns whose color of purple...
Remnants of Theodosius' Hagia Sophia
Image by Hagia Sophia Research Team

Remnants of Theodosius' Hagia Sophia

Remnants of Theodosios' Hagia Sophia. A lamb relief representing 12 apostles. 5th. century CE, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey. The first name of the Church was ‘’Megale Ekklesia’’ which means ‘’the Grand Church’’. The first Hagia Sophia...
The Virgin and Child Mosaic, Hagia Sophia
Image by Hagia Sophia Research Team

The Virgin and Child Mosaic, Hagia Sophia

The Virgin and Child mosaic, 9th century CE, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey. The mosaic is located in the apse semi-dome of Hagia Sophia. In the mosaic Mary is enthroned and she puts her right hand on the shoulder of the Child Christ who...
Mosaic with the Virgin Mary, Constantine and Justinian, Hagia Sophia
Image by Carole Raddato

Mosaic with the Virgin Mary, Constantine and Justinian, Hagia Sophia

Mosaic panel located at the southwestern entrance of the basilica Hagia Sophia (Istanbul) depicting the emperor Constantine I holding a model of the city of Constantinople (right), the emperor Justinian I holding a model of Hagia Sophia (left...
Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
Image by Magnus Manske

Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

Hagia Sophia was built as a church by Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles who were chosen as architects by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. Hagia Sophia (meaning "holy wisdom") was completed in 537 BCE and was transformed into a mosque...
Hagia Sophia Panorama
Image by Mark Cartwright

Hagia Sophia Panorama

The former cathedral and mosque Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (formerly Constantinople). Although some historians disagree (claiming Constantine laid the foundation), Constantius II is credited with building the first of three Hagia Sophias, the...
Hagia Sophia Interior
Image by Mark Cartwright

Hagia Sophia Interior

The interior of the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul. It was built in 532-537 CE during the reign of Justinian I on the site of two more modest versions dating back to the 4th century CE.