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Mycenaean Agora at Hagia Triada, Crete
Image by Carole Raddato

Mycenaean Agora at Hagia Triada, Crete

The Agora (marketplace) at the Minoan settlement of Hagia Triada (Crete) belonging to the Mycenaean era (1400-1100 BCE) with eight spacious rooms, probably shops, arranged behind a portico.
Byzantine Chapel at Hagia Triada, Crete
Image by Carole Raddato

Byzantine Chapel at Hagia Triada, Crete

The Byzantine single-aisled chapel of Agios Georgios lying over the remains of a Minoan villa at the Hagia Triada archaeological site in southern Crete. The church was built during the Venetian period at the beginning of the 14th century...
Calligraphic Representation of Husayn's Name
Image by Effective Light

Calligraphic Representation of Husayn's Name

An adapted version of the calligraphic pane of Husayn ibn Ali in the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul.
Leo VI
Image by Jose Luiz

Leo VI

A penitent Leo VI, Byzantine emperor 886-912 CE, from a mosaic in the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul.
Mosaic of Alexios I Komnenos
Image by Unknown Artist

Mosaic of Alexios I Komnenos

This 12th century CE mosaic depicts Alexios I Komnenos (r. 1081-1118 CE), father of Anna Komnene. Anna's famous work is the Alexiad, a recounting of her father's rule as Byzantine Emperor. (Hagia Sophia, Istanbul)
Minoan Stoneware
Article by Mark Cartwright

Minoan Stoneware

Craftsmen of the Minoan civilization centred on the island of Crete produced stone vessels from the early Bronze Age (c. 2500 BCE) using a wide variety of stone types which were laboriously carved out to create vessels of all shapes, sizes...
Religion in the Middle Ages
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Religion in the Middle Ages

Religion in the Middle Ages, though dominated by the Catholic Church, was far more varied than only orthodox Christianity. In the Early Middle Ages (c. 476-1000 CE), long-established pagan beliefs and practices entwined with those of the...
Six Great Heresies of the Middle Ages
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Six Great Heresies of the Middle Ages

The medieval Church established its monopoly over the spiritual life of Europeans in the Early Middle Ages (c. 476-1000 CE) and consolidated that power throughout the High Middle Ages (1000-1300 CE) and Late Middle Ages (1300-1500 CE). Along...
Dogs in the Ancient World
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Dogs in the Ancient World

Dogs have been a part of the history of human beings since before the written word. The ancient temple of Gobekli-Tepe in Turkey, dated to at least 12,000 years BCE, has provided archaeologists with evidence of domesticated...
The Literary Development of the Arthurian Legend
Article by Joshua J. Mark

The Literary Development of the Arthurian Legend

The Arthurian legend begins with the Welsh cleric Geoffrey of Monmouth (c. 1100 - c. 1155 CE). Earlier history writers such as Gildas, Bede, and Nennius had already established the existence of a British war-chief who defeated the Saxons...