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Lambayeque Civilization
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Lambayeque Civilization

The Lambayeque civilization (aka Sicán) flourished between c. 750 and c. 1375 CE on the northern coast of Peru, straddling the Middle Horizon and Late Intermediate Period of the ancient Central Andes. Prodigious producers of art objects...
Wari Civilization
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Wari Civilization

The Wari civilization flourished in the coastal and highland areas of ancient Peru between c. 450 and c. 1000 CE. Based at their capital Huari, the Wari successfully exploited the diverse landscapes they controlled to construct an empire...
Gyeongju
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Gyeongju

Gyeongju (Kyongju), formerly known as Seorabeol or Saro, was the capital of the Silla kingdom of ancient Korea from the 1st century BCE to the 10th century CE. Located in the south-east of the Korean peninsula, at its peak in the 9th century...
Three Kingdoms Period in Korea
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Three Kingdoms Period in Korea

The Three Kingdoms Period of ancient Korea (57 BCE – 668 CE) is so-called because it was dominated by the three kingdoms of Baekje (Paekche), Goguryeo (Koguryo), and Silla. There was also, though, a fourth entity, the Gaya (Kaya) confederation...
Goryeo
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Goryeo

Goryeo (Koryo) ruled ancient Korea from 918 CE to 1392 CE. The kingdom oversaw an unprecedented flourishing in culture and arts with developments in architecture, ceramics, printing, and papermaking. The kingdom was repeatedly invaded by...
Bulguksa Temple
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Bulguksa Temple

The Bulguksa Temple (aka Pulguk-sa Temple or 'Temple of the Buddha Land') was built in the 8th century CE on the wooded slopes of Mt. Tohamsan at the ancient Silla capital of Geumseong (modern Gyeongju, South Korea). The Buddhist temple...
Nara Period
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Nara Period

The Nara Period (Nara Jidai) of ancient Japan (710-794 CE), so called because for most of that time the capital was located at Nara, then known as Heijokyo, was a short period of transition prior to the significant Heian Period. Despite the...
Norman Conquest of England
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Norman Conquest of England

The Norman Conquest of England, led by William the Conqueror, was carried out between 1066 and 1071 CE. The conquest saw the death of King Harold II at the Battle of Hastings and the replacement of the Anglo-Saxon elite as William redistributed...
Etchmiadzin Cathedral
Definition by James Blake Wiener

Etchmiadzin Cathedral

The Etchmiadzin Cathedral (also spelled "Echmiatsin,” “Echmiadzin,” and “Edjmiadsin”) is located in the city of Etchmiadzin (also referred to as Vagharshapat), Armavir Province in what is now present-day...
Windsor Castle
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Windsor Castle

Windsor Castle, located in Berkshire, England, was first built as a motte and bailey castle by William the Conqueror (r. 1066-1087 CE). The castle was converted into stone by Henry II of England (r. 1165-1179 CE) and the shell keep tower...