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Croesus
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Croesus

Croesus (pronounced 'KREE-sus') was the King of Lydia, a country in western Asia Minor (corresponding to modern-day Turkey) from 560-547 BCE and was so wealthy that the old expression "as rich as Croesus" originates in reference...
Tairona Civilization
Definition by Prapti Panda

Tairona Civilization

The Tairona civilization - one of the Chibcha family tribes - flourished in northern Colombia between 200 CE and 1600 CE. Like the Muisca of Cundinamarca, the Tairona were known for their expertise in crafting and metallurgy, especially goldsmithing...
The Gold Trade of Ancient & Medieval West Africa
Article by Mark Cartwright

The Gold Trade of Ancient & Medieval West Africa

West Africa was one of the world’s greatest producers of gold in the Middle Ages. Trade in the metal went back to antiquity but when the camel caravans of the Sahara linked North Africa to the savannah interior, the trade really took...
Egyptian Faience
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Egyptian Faience

Egyptian faience is a glassy substance manufactured expertly by the ancient Egyptians. The process was first developed in Mesopotamia, first at Ur and later at Babylon, with significant results but faience production reached its height of...
Pax Romana - Web Quest
Worksheet/Activity by Marion Wadowski

Pax Romana - Web Quest

This activity has been designed to fit a 20-minute slot for your class and is suitable for both online and classroom teaching, as well as homeschooling. Students have to complete a web quest, based on multiple articles (also available...
Roman Economy & Trade
Lesson Pack by Marion Wadowski

Roman Economy & Trade

We have prepared three lesson plans including classroom activities, assignments, homework, and keys as well as: Glossary of keywords and concepts in an excel format Open questions adaptable for debates, presentations...
The Gold Crowns of Silla
Article by Mark Cartwright

The Gold Crowns of Silla

The Silla Kingdom ruled south-eastern Korea during the Three Kingdoms period (1st century BCE - 7th century CE) and then, as the Unified Silla Kingdom, all of Korea from 668 to 935 CE. The Silla produced fine pieces of art, but their most...
Pizarro and Atahualpa: The Curse of the Lost Inca Gold
Article by Bill Yates

Pizarro and Atahualpa: The Curse of the Lost Inca Gold

In November 1532 CE, Francisco Pizarro led a group of about 160 conquistadors into the Inca city of Cajamarca. The illiterate and illegitimate son of an Extremaduran nobleman and an impoverished woman, Pizarro had spent his entire life on...
Cibola - The Seven Cities of Gold
Article by Bill Yates

Cibola - The Seven Cities of Gold

In the year 1527 CE, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and 600 hundred Conquistadors set sail from the shores of Cuba. Their mission, known as the Narvaez expedition, was to colonize the Gulf coast area of modern Florida. However...
A Gift from King Shulgi: A Pair of Gold Earrings
Article by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

A Gift from King Shulgi: A Pair of Gold Earrings

Gold is a treasure, and he who possesses it does all he wishes to in this world, and succeeds in helping souls into paradise. Christopher Columbus.   On June 22, 2005, the Sulaymaniyah Museum of Iraqi Kurdistan purchased a...