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Early Dynastic Period (Mesopotamia)
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Early Dynastic Period (Mesopotamia)

The Early Dynastic Period of Mesopotamia is the modern-day archaeological term for the era in Mesopotamian history – 2900-2334 BCE – during which some of the most significant cultural advances were made including the rise...
Mesopotamian Science and Technology
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Mesopotamian Science and Technology

Mesopotamian science and technology developed during the Uruk Period (4100-2900 BCE) and Early Dynastic Period (2900-1750 BCE) of the Sumerian culture of southern Mesopotamia. The foundation of future Mesopotamian advances in scientific/technological...
Early Dynastic Mesopotamia | Ancient Documentary | The Sumerian and Akkadian Empires.
Video by Study of Antiquity and the Middle Ages

Early Dynastic Mesopotamia | Ancient Documentary | The Sumerian and Akkadian Empires.

The Early Dynastic Period of Mesopotamia is the modern-day archaeological term for the era in Mesopotamian history — 2900-2334 BCE — during which some of the most significant cultural advances were made including the rise of the cities, the...
Gypsum statue of a man
Image by Trustees of the British Museum

Gypsum statue of a man

Provenance unknown, Mesopotamia Early Dynastic III period, about 2500-2200 BC A votive offering This gypsum statute was deposited in a temple to pray on behalf of the donor. It may have been set up in his lifetime or possibly as a...
Shaft-Hole Axe from Early Dynastic Period
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Shaft-Hole Axe from Early Dynastic Period

This shaft-hole axe dates back to the early dynastic period,2800-2350 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq).
Chlorite Bowl from Ur
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Chlorite Bowl from Ur

Vessels of soft stone, including chlorite or steatite, came from Iran and they demonstrate the extensive trade network of the cities of Southern Mesopotamia during this period. This green chlorite vessel is straight-sided and has an imbricated...
Gold Spouted Cup from Ur
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Gold Spouted Cup from Ur

The long spout of this gold vessel would probably have been used as a drinking straw. There are engraved decorations around the upper rim and around the base. The gold sheet was hammered. The source of this type of gold is unknown but probably...
Mesopotamian Gold Strainer
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Mesopotamian Gold Strainer

This gold strainer was roughly shaped and has a short handle. It was found at the bottom of the pit of Queen Puabi's grave. Beer and wine were drunk in Mesopotamia from at least the fourth millennium BCE and it is possible that the strainer...
Sumerian Votive Plaque
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sumerian Votive Plaque

A votive plaque of white marble. The lower part shows two men carrying a large jar (probably filled with beer) and another man in front of them seems to steer an animal from behind, perhaps a cow or horse. At the upper part there are two...
A Sumerian Wall Plaque Showing Libation Scenes
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

A Sumerian Wall Plaque Showing Libation Scenes

The upper register shows a naked priest followed by three worshippers. The priest pours an unknown liquid offering from a spouted vessel into a stemmed dish or stand, in front of a horned god figure. In the lower register, there are three...