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Pilaster Columns
Image by Mark Cartwright

Pilaster Columns

Pilaster columns on the Colosseum of Rome, completed in the 1st century CE.
Ming Porcelain Brush Handle
Image by The British Museum

Ming Porcelain Brush Handle

A Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 CE) porcelain brush handle. From the noted porcelain centre of Jingdezhen, 1573-1620 CE. (British Museum, London)
Retiarius Gladiator Mosaic
Image by Carole Raddato

Retiarius Gladiator Mosaic

Mosaic showing a retiarius (net-fighter) named Kalendio fighting a secutor named Astyanax, 3rd century CE. (National Archaeological Museum of Spain, Madrid) The secutor Astyanax and the retiarius Kalendio are engaged in a fight to death...
Samnite Gladiator Helmet
Image by British Museum

Samnite Gladiator Helmet

A 1st century CE bronze gladiator helmet of the Samnite class. Roman gladiator helmets were richly decorated and plumed with ostrich or peacock feathers. This relatively plain example has the embossed head of Hercules at the front. Provenance...
Christian Martyrs in Colosseum
Image by Konstantin Flavitsky

Christian Martyrs in Colosseum

Christian Martyrs in Colosseum, painting by Konstantin Flavitsky, 1862 CE. State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg
Interview: Rome: A History in Seven Sackings
Article by James Blake Wiener

Interview: Rome: A History in Seven Sackings

No city on earth has preserved its past quite like Rome. Visitors stand on bridges that were crossed by Julius Caesar and Cicero, walk around temples visited by Roman emperors, and step into churches that have hardly changed since popes celebrated...
Theatre of Marcellus
Article by Mark Cartwright

Theatre of Marcellus

The theatre of Marcellus was the largest and most important theatre in Rome and completed in the late 1st century BCE during the reign of Augustus. The architecture of the theatre would become a standard feature of theatres across the empire...
Roman Coinage
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Roman Coinage

Roman coins were first produced in the late 4th century BCE in Italy and continued to be minted for another eight centuries across the empire. Denominations and values more or less constantly changed but certain types such as the sestertii...
Vespasian
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Vespasian

Vespasian was Roman emperor from 69 to 79 CE. Vespasian was the last of the four emperors who governed the Roman Empire in the year 69 CE. The previous three had died either by murder or suicide. Unlike Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian...
Nerva
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Nerva

Marcus Cocceius Nerva was Roman emperor from 96 to 98 CE, and his reign brought stability after the turbulent successions of his predecessors. In addition, Nerva helped establish the foundations for a new golden era for Rome which his chosen...