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Utica
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Utica

Utica (also Utique), 33km north of Tunis, was the first Phoenician colony on the North African coast. The strategically important port was an ally to Carthage in the First Punic War, but the city switched sides in the Second and Third Punic...
Saguntum
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Saguntum

Saguntum (modern Sagunto), located near Valencia in Spain, was an Iberian, and then Roman, settlement. The town’s most dramatic moment in history came in the late 3rd century BCE when it was attacked by Hannibal, an act which famously...
Roman Verona
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Roman Verona

Verona, situated on the river Adige in northern Italy, was a Roman town probably founded some time in the 2nd century BCE. It was a colonia by 69 CE and the impressive monuments which survive to this day attest to the city's importance...
Theodoric the Great
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Theodoric the Great

Theodoric the Great (l. c. 454-526 CE, r. 493-526 CE, also known as Flavius Theodoricus) was the king of the Ostrogoths who, at the encouragement and direction of the Roman emperor Zeno, invaded Italy, deposed King Odoacer, and ruled over...
Leptis Magna
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Leptis Magna

Leptis Magna (aka Lepcis Magna), located in western Libya, North Africa, was a Phoenician city founded by Tyre in the 7th century BCE. Continuing to be a major city in the Roman period, it was the birthplace of Emperor Septimius Severus (r...
Flaminio Obelisk, Rome
Image by Wanda Marcussen

Flaminio Obelisk, Rome

The Flaminio Obelisk is believed to originate from the time of Seti I (1290–1279 BCE), and his son Ramses II (1279-1213 BCE). It was brought to Rome by Emperor Augustus (r. 27 BCE –14 CE) for the Circus Maximus, and today it stands in the...
Flaminio Obelisk, Rome
Image by Wanda Marcussen

Flaminio Obelisk, Rome

The Flaminio Obelisk is believed to originate from the time of Seti I (1290 – 1279 BCE), and his son Ramesses II (1279 - 1213 BCE). It was brought to Rome by Emperor Augustus (r. 27 BCE – 14 CE) for the Circus Maximus, and today it stands...
Roman Goddess Flora
Image by Carole Raddato

Roman Goddess Flora

Flora was the Roman goddess of flowers, vegetation and fertility. Spring was her season and her temple stood near the Circus Maximus in Rome. Her festival, called the Floralia, was instituted in 238 BCE. This Roman artwork from the Hadrianic...
The Great Palace of Constantinople
Article by Mark Cartwright

The Great Palace of Constantinople

The Great Palace of Constantinople was the magnificent residence of Byzantine emperors and their court officials which included a golden throne room with wondrous mechanical devices, reception halls, chapels, treasury, and gardens. In use...
10 Must-See Ancient Sites in Provence
Article by Carole Raddato

10 Must-See Ancient Sites in Provence

Provence has inherited a rich legacy from antiquity, boasting some of the best-preserved Roman ruins in Europe. In the 2nd century BCE, the Romans began their conquest of the region and called it “Provincia Romana,” giving us...