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Flaminio Obelisk, Rome
Image by Wanda Marcussen

Flaminio Obelisk, Rome

The Flaminio Obelisk is believed to originate from the time of Seti I (1290–1279 BCE), and his son Ramses II (1279-1213 BCE). It was brought to Rome by Emperor Augustus (r. 27 BCE –14 CE) for the Circus Maximus, and today it stands in the...
Flaminio Obelisk, Rome
Image by Wanda Marcussen

Flaminio Obelisk, Rome

The Flaminio Obelisk is believed to originate from the time of Seti I (1290 – 1279 BCE), and his son Ramesses II (1279 - 1213 BCE). It was brought to Rome by Emperor Augustus (r. 27 BCE – 14 CE) for the Circus Maximus, and today it stands...
Roman Goddess Flora
Image by Carole Raddato

Roman Goddess Flora

Flora was the Roman goddess of flowers, vegetation and fertility. Spring was her season and her temple stood near the Circus Maximus in Rome. Her festival, called the Floralia, was instituted in 238 BCE. This Roman artwork from the Hadrianic...
Colosseum
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Colosseum

The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre is a large ellipsoid arena built in the first century CE under the Roman emperors of the Flavian dynasty: Vespasian (69-79 CE), Titus (79-81 CE) and Domitian (81-96 CE). The arena was used to host spectacular...
Roman Government
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Roman Government

Western Civilization is forever indebted to the people of ancient Greece and Rome. Among the numerous contributions these societies made are in the fields of art, literature and philosophy; however, perhaps their greatest gift to future generations...
Augustus
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Augustus

Augustus Caesar (27 BCE - 14 CE) was the name of the first and, by most accounts, greatest Roman emperor. Augustus was born Gaius Octavius Thurinus on 23 September 63 BCE. Octavian was adopted by his great-uncle Julius Caesar in 44 BCE...
Marcus Aurelius
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius reigned as Roman emperor from 161 to 180 CE and is best known as the last of the Five Good Emperors of Rome (following Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, and Antoninus Pius) and as the author of the philosophical work Meditations. He...
Roman Emperor
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Roman Emperor

Roman emperors ruled over the Imperial Roman Empire starting with Augustus from 27 BCE and continuing in the Western Roman Empire until the late 5th century CE and in the Eastern Roman Empire up to the mid-15th century CE. The emperors would...
Roman Army
Definition by James Lloyd

Roman Army

The Roman army, famed for its discipline, organisation, and innovation in both weapons and tactics, allowed Rome to build and defend a huge empire which for centuries would dominate the Mediterranean world and beyond. Overview The Roman...
Roman Sculpture
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Roman Sculpture

Roman Sculpture, with artists from across a huge empire and changing public tastes over centuries, is above all else, remarkable for its sheer variety and eclectic mix. The art form blended the idealised perfection of earlier Classical Greek...