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Chichen Itza
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Chichen Itza

Chichen Itza, located at the northern tip of the Yucatán Peninsula of modern Mexico, was a Maya city which was later significantly influenced by the Toltec civilization. Flourishing between c. 750 and 1200 CE, the site is rich in monumental...
Visiting the Spirits of Chichen Itza
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Visiting the Spirits of Chichen Itza

Joshua J. Mark goes looking for adventure while visiting the Maya site of Chichen Itza in Mexico and finds sprites, spirits and iguanas amongst the ruins. He tells of his journey to this magical ancient site that has become a symbol of the...
Maya Civilization
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Maya Civilization

The Maya are an indigenous people of Mexico and Central America who have continuously inhabited the lands comprising modern-day Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador...
Toltec Civilization
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Toltec Civilization

The Toltec civilization flourished in ancient central Mexico between the 10th and mid-12th centuries CE. Continuing the Mesoamerican heritage left to them by the earlier Olmec, Teotihuacan, Maya and others, the Toltecs would build an impressive...
Popol Vuh
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Popol Vuh

The Popol Vuh is the story of creation according to the Quiche Maya of the region known today as Guatemala. Translated as `The Council Book', The Book of the People' or, literally, `The Book of the Mat', the work has been referred...
Chocolate in Mesoamerica
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Chocolate in Mesoamerica

Chocolate was one of the most desired foods of Mesoamerica and was consumed by the Olmec, Maya, and Aztec civilizations, amongst others.  Its consumption even spread via trade routes to other parts of the Americas including the Chaco...
Chichen Itza
Image by Dennis Jarvis

Chichen Itza

The Castillo pyramid at the Maya (and possibly later Toltec) centre of Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico. The pyramid was a temple built in honour of the Maya feathered-serpent god Kukulkan.
Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen Itza (UNESCO/NHK)
Video by UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen Itza (UNESCO/NHK)

This sacred site was one of the greatest Mayan centres of the Yucat√°n peninsula. Throughout its nearly 1,000-year history, different peoples have left their mark on the city. The Maya and Toltec vision of the world and the universe is revealed...
Lost Temples: Mayan Pyramids of Chichen Itza
Video by National Geographic

Lost Temples: Mayan Pyramids of Chichen Itza

Why did the Maya abandon their magnificent city of Chichen Itza? See All National Geographic Videos http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/?source=4001
The Mayan Pantheon: The Many Gods of the Maya
Article by Joshua J. Mark

The Mayan Pantheon: The Many Gods of the Maya

The pantheon of the Maya is a vast collection of deities who were worshipped throughout the region which, today, comprises Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tabasco, and Chiapas in Mexico and southward through Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador...