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Elephants in Greek & Roman Warfare
Article by Mark Cartwright

Elephants in Greek & Roman Warfare

In the search for ever more impressive and lethal weapons to shock the enemy and bring total victory the armies of ancient Greece, Carthage, and even sometimes Rome turned to the elephant. Huge, exotic, and frightening the life out of an...
Battle of the Metaurus
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Battle of the Metaurus

The Battle of the Metaurus (207 BCE) was a military engagement fought between the forces of Rome under Gaius Claudius Nero (c. 237 - c. 199 BCE), Marcus Livius Salinator (254-204 BCE), and L. Porcius Licinius and the Carthaginians under Hasdrubal...
Hannibal
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Hannibal

Hannibal (also known as Hannibal Barca, l. 247-183 BCE) was a Carthaginian general during the Second Punic War between Carthage and Rome (218-202 BCE). He is considered one of the greatest generals of antiquity and his tactics are still studied...
Carthage
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Carthage

Carthage was a Phoenician city-state on the coast of North Africa (the site of modern-day Tunis) which, prior the conflict with Rome known as the Punic Wars (264-146 BCE), was the largest, most affluent, and powerful political entity in the...
Romans vs. Carthaginians - Text & Labelling
Worksheet/Activity by Marion Wadowski

Romans vs. Carthaginians - Text & Labelling

This activity has been designed to fit a 20-30-minute slot for your class and is suitable for both online and classroom teaching, as well as homeschooling.  Students have to label the illustrations of Roman and Carthaginian soldiers...
The Price of Greed: Hannibal's Betrayal by Carthage
Article by Joshua J. Mark

The Price of Greed: Hannibal's Betrayal by Carthage

Hannibal Barca (l. 247-183 BCE), the brilliant Carthaginian general of the Second Punic War (218-202 BCE), had the military talent, expertise, and skill to have won the conflict but was denied the resources by his government. The Carthaginian...
The Battle of Zama - The Beginning of Roman Conquest
Article by Joshua J. Mark

The Battle of Zama - The Beginning of Roman Conquest

The Battle of Zama (202 BCE) was the final engagement of the Second Punic War (218-202 BCE) at which Hannibal Barca of Carthage (l. 247-183 BCE) was defeated by Scipio Africanus of Rome (l. 236-183 BCE) ending the conflict in Rome’s...
Roman Naval Warfare
Image by CA

Roman Naval Warfare

A scene depicting Roman naval ships in battle.
Amazing! Hannibal's Elephants of War - Explore - BBC
Video by BBCExplore

Amazing! Hannibal's Elephants of War - Explore - BBC

A fascinating short video from the BBC documentary Hannibal: The Man, The Myth, The Mystery charting the rise and fall of the Carthage Warrior. Historians analyse the psychological advantages to using Elephants in battle. Watch more high...
Carthaginian Sacred Band Hoplite
Image by Aldo Ferruggia

Carthaginian Sacred Band Hoplite

A Carthaginian hoplite from the Sacred Band, the army corps composed of Carthaginian citizens. Taken from a coin of Syracuse, 4th century BCE.