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Byzantine Capital with Palmettes from Saraçhane
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Byzantine Capital with Palmettes from Saraçhane

This basket-shaped marble capital is decorated with a distinctive split-palmette. It dates to 524-527 CE and came from the Saraçhane excavations, Fatih, Istanbul, in modern-day Turkey. (Museum of Archaeology, Istanbul, Turley).
Columns of Hagia Sophia
Image by Hagia Sophia Research Team

Columns of Hagia Sophia

Columns of Hagia Sophia, 6th century CE, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, Turkey. In Hagia Sophia, there are 140 monolithic columns which were brought from different places of the world.
Hagia Sophia Interior
Image by Mark Cartwright

Hagia Sophia Interior

The interior of the Hagia Sophia, Istanbul. It was built in 532-537 CE during the reign of Justinian I on the site of two more modest versions dating back to the 4th century CE.
Painting of Hagia Sophia
Image by Mohawk Games

Painting of Hagia Sophia

An artist's depiction of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople, as it may have appeared in 537 CE. From the game Old World.
St. Catherine's Monastery, Sinai
Image by Marc!D

St. Catherine's Monastery, Sinai

St. Catherine's monastery, Mount Sinai, Egypt. It was founded by Justinian I in the mid-6th century CE.
Capital with Protom of Pegasus
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Capital with Protom of Pegasus

Pegasus, a mythical winged divine stallion, was a prominent creature in the Greek mythology. This marble capital depicts Pegasus. First half of the 6th century CE. Possibly from Kathisma, Hippodrome, Sultanahmet, in modern-day Turkey. (Museum...
Columns of Basilica Cistern, Istanbul
Image by Hagia Sophia Research Team

Columns of Basilica Cistern, Istanbul

Located across the Hagia Sophia Museum, Yerebatan Sarayi is also known as the Basilica Cistern because of a basilica that was once located nearby as a cultural centre. It is the largest surviving underground cistern of Istanbul. Fatih Cistern...
Capital with Ram's Head from Mangana Region
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Capital with Ram's Head from Mangana Region

This marble capital is decorated with heads of rams. Second half of the 5th to the first half of the 6th century CE. From structures within the walls of the Topkapi Palace, Mangana Region, Gulhane, Istanbul, Turkey. (Museum of Archaeology...
Renaissance Architecture
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Renaissance Architecture

Renaissance architecture originated in Italy and superseded the medieval Gothic style over a period generally defined as 1400 to 1600 CE. Features of Renaissance buildings include the use of the classical orders and mathematically precise...
Ancient Egyptian Architecture
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egyptian Architecture

The pyramids are the most recognizable symbol of ancient Egypt. Even though other civilizations, such as the Maya or the Chinese, also employed this form, the pyramid in the modern day is synonymous in most people's...