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Cylinder Seal Showing a Contest Scene
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Cylinder Seal Showing a Contest Scene

This green jasper cylinder seal depicts a contest scene. At the centre of the scene, there is a pair of crossed bulls; each one is being attacked by a standing bearded hero. The heroes have a double bun hairstyle. They wear a wrap-over kilt...
Roman Theatre Mask
Image by Mark Cartwright

Roman Theatre Mask

This marble piece shows a 2nd century CE theatre mask being held in a hand from a statue, probably of a Muse. As tragic and comic masks depicted an open mouth this is probably a pantomime mask. From Cesarea Marittima, Palestine. (Archaeological...
Pithoi
Image by Mark Cartwright

Pithoi

Ancient Cretan Pithoi, used for storage of food products. Malia, Crete (1900-1450 BCE).
Arrival to Ephesus (3D Image)
3D Image by Lithodomos VR

Arrival to Ephesus (3D Image)

You stand aboard a corbita (Roman trading ship) approaching the cosmopolitan city of Ephesus, as it appeared in the 2nd century AD. Ephesus had a long and storied history: colonized by the Greeks and seized by the Persians before flourishing...
Map of Sumer
Image by P L Kessler

Map of Sumer

The area which formed Sumer started at the Persian Gulf and reached north to the 'neck' of Mesopotamia where the two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates meander much closer to each other. To the east loomed the Zagros Mountains, where scattered...
Map of Mesopotamia, 2000-1600 BCE
Image by P L Kessler

Map of Mesopotamia, 2000-1600 BCE

A general map of Mesopotamia and its neighbouring territories which roughly covers the period from 2000-1600 BCE reveals the concentration of city states in Sumer, in the south. This is where the first true city-states arose, although...
Map of the Akkadian Empire
Image by Nareklm

Map of the Akkadian Empire

The empire of Sargon, late 24th century BCE.
Akkadian Ruler
Image by Sumerophile

Akkadian Ruler

Bronze head of an Akkadian ruler, probably Sargon the Great, c. 23rd - 22nd century BCE.
Sargon II's Stele
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sargon II's Stele

This basalt stele was found in Bamboula, Kition (modern Laranca, Cyprus) in 1845 CE. The cuneiform inscriptions on the frontal side of the stele commemorate Sargon's victories against Medes, Babylon, Syria, and Urartu. The king worships in...
Naram-Sin Rock Relief, Sulaimaniya, Iraq
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Naram-Sin Rock Relief, Sulaimaniya, Iraq

A rock relief depicting the victory of the Akkadian king Naram Sin after defeating Lulubis, tribes who came from the Zagros mountains west of Iran. The relief was made on the surface of a mountain cliff, modern Qopi Qoshk, Qaradagh's mountains...