Treaty Establishing Hittite Domination over Aleppo

Illustration

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
by
published on 24 November 2018

This clay tablet is known as the "Aleppo Treaty". The treaty was drawn up between the Hittite king Mursili II and Talmi-sharruma (king of Aleppo). It was written in Akkadian, the diplomatic language of the time. The tablet begins with a reminder of previous "offenses" brought by Aleppo against the Hittite kings when they were expanding into Syria in the 15th century. Caught between the Hittite to the north and the Mittanian kingdom to the east, the kingdom of Aleppo managed to offend both powers. Aleppo was subsequently punished and its land was given to rival kingdoms, Ashtata and Nuhashshe. From Hattusa (modern-day Bogazkoy, Central Turkey). Hittite period, c. 1300 BCE. (The British Museum, London).


About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

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