Clay Cover of the Tablet of Shamash

Illustration

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
by
published on 22 March 2018

This is a fired clay cover of the sun god (Shamash) tablet. Its purpose was to protect the obverse side (face) of the tablet. It has retained the impression of the carved panel of the tablet.

The Babylonian king Nabu-apla-iddina (reigned 888-855 BCE) made a clay cover and the tablet of Shamsh was buried at the Temple of Shamah at Sippar. The Babylonian king Nabopolassar (reigned 626-605 BCE) rediscovered the tablet, and in order to open it, the clay cover had to be broken. The older broken cover was replaced with this one while the older cover was retained. Both covers were placed in a single coffer and then buried. Neo-Babylonian Period, circa 620-610 BCE. From the Temple of Shamash at Sippar, Southern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. (The British Museum, London).



About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

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