Armenian flag at the medieval Amberd Fortress, Armenia. Dating from the 7th century CE, Amberd is an Armenia fortress complex located on the slopes of Mt. Aragats in the province of Aragatsotn. "Amberd" translates from Armenian as "fortress in the clouds." The site had been inhabited by the Urartians in ancient times, but the medieval fortress was constructed as a defense against invading Arab armies in the 7th and 8th centuries CE. It was in use until the 13th century CE Mongol invasions of Armenia and Georgia.
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