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Boundary Stone from Mesopotamia


Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 23 August 2017
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This boundary stone, or kudurru, records a gift of land made by Eanna-shum-iddina, governor of the Sea-Land in Southern Babylonia. The receiver's name is Gula-Eresh. The text ends with a series of curses on anyone questioning the gift or damaging the stone. The stone does not refer to any Babylonian king by name. The symbols above the cuneiform writings represent Mesopotamian deities. Middle Babylonian Period, 1125-1100 BCE. From Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. (The British Museum, London)

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2017, August 23). Boundary Stone from Mesopotamia. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Boundary Stone from Mesopotamia." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified August 23, 2017.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Boundary Stone from Mesopotamia." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 23 Aug 2017. Web. 28 Feb 2021.

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