Book of Exodus

Illustration

Ibolya Horvath
by Walters Art Museum Illuminated Manuscripts
published on 21 November 2016

Fragment of the book of Exodus, Text page, Walters Manuscript W.739, fol. 1r
This fragment from the Book of Exodus is a bifolium presenting the text of Exodus 21:16-35a on fol. 1 and 23:5b-21a on fol. 2. The missing text in between these two folios would have comprised another bifolium. Written in Sahidic Coptic script, the biblical manuscript to which the bifolium once belonged was produced in Egypt in the eighth century CE, probably by a monastic scribe and perhaps in the Fayum or Wadi al-Natrun, where monasteries continued to thrive in the early Islamic conquest. It is difficult to determine the full extent of the manuscript, but a combined volume of Genesis and Exodus as part of a multi-volume set of the Bible is certainly possible, if not likely, based on the Coptic numerals written at the top of each folio side.

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