The Muse Casket from the Esquiline Treasure

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 06 October 2016
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This elaborate cosmetics box, suspended on three chains, holds five small canisters for perfumes and unguents. The outside is decorated with images of eight of the nine classical Muses. A 9th figure on the top of the casket may be the final Muse, but she lacks any identifying object or the feathered headdress worn by the others. Instead, she may be the portrait of the casket's owner. The images of the Muses would have flattered the casket's owner by emphasizing her knowledge of classical arts, which continued to be the height of educated sophistication among the Christian elite during the Late Roman Period. Part of the Esquiline Treasure, which was discovered in the year 1793 CE, at the foot of the Esquiline Hill, Rome, Italy. Circa 330-370 CE. From Rome. (The British Museum, London).

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2016, October 06). The Muse Casket from the Esquiline Treasure. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "The Muse Casket from the Esquiline Treasure." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified October 06, 2016.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "The Muse Casket from the Esquiline Treasure." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 06 Oct 2016. Web. 26 Nov 2020.

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