Assyrian Ceremonial Bucket

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 13 September 2015

This is a close-up image of an Assyrian bucket (banduddu) held by a protective spirit (Apkallu). During certain ceremonies, this bucket was filled with a fluid and the Apkallu dips a pine cone (mullilu) into it; the Apkallu then sprinkles the Assyrian king and his courtiers to purify them. The "standard inscription" of Ashurnasirpal II runs horizontally across the upper part of the relief. From the north-west palace of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu; Biblical Calah). From Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. Neo-Assyrian period, 875-860 BCE. The Sulaymaniyah Museum, Iraq.

About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2015, September 13). Assyrian Ceremonial Bucket (Banduddu). Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Assyrian Ceremonial Bucket (Banduddu)." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Last modified September 13, 2015.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama S. M. "Assyrian Ceremonial Bucket (Banduddu)." Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 13 Sep 2015. Web. 24 Apr 2019.

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